Survey of Leadership Styles in Different Country

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Iranian Journal of Management Studies (IJMS) Vol 3. No.3 January 2010 pp: 91- 111

Survey of leadership styles in different cultures

Gholamreza Taleghani1* , Davood Salmani2 , Ali Taatian3
1. Faculty of managemenet, Uniersity of Tehran 2. Faculty of managemenet, Uniersity of Tehran 3. Master of Arts

Abstract:
Leadership is in fact a process of influencing followers. Characteristics of leadership are functions of time and situation and differ in different cultures and countries. Managers of international organizations should obtain enough knowledge of these cultural characteristics and differences and should have the utmost versatility while executing their leadership tasks. In this paper we have conducted a survey of the relation between cultures and styles of leadership in different countries. At first characteristics of leadership are discussed in work oriented leadership paradigm and management regimes, in a number of different regions, including China, Japan, U.S.A, Europe, and Arab countries. We also discuss about cross-cultural leadership concept and its challenges. At the end, a comparative analysis is made over the various leadership styles.

Keywords:
Leadership styles, cultural differences, conceptual leadership model, cross-cultural leadership

*

. Corresponding Author , Tel: 09121090719

Email: Ghreza@ut.ac.ir

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Iranian Journal of Management Studies

Introduction:
Leadership is defined as the process of having dominance on group activities in order to realize the objectives. To execute the leadership task, managers try to have influence the people under their supervision and motivate and direct them to achieve the organizational objectives. Creating motivation in staff in such a way that they do their activity and work in the organization with enthusiasm and reach the goals is very important. This problem with transnational managers who have to create motivation in the individuals with different cultures is more significant. Type’s of the behaviors which results in success of the leader depends on the definition of success and is conditions. There are considerable numbers of different leadership styles in different countries and various cultures, and many researches have done many surveys in the field of leadership in which the relation of leadership style with situations conditions has been emphasized. Leadership styles and management methods across the world are diverse and are influenced by specifications dominant in the environment. Different studies and researches in different countries have emphasized compliance of leadership style in terms of success conditions. The relationship between managers and culture, and leaders and culture is different. Managers tend to be the people who get things done, and the corporate culture is the mechanism they use to understand how to communicate, how to work and what to expect on a day to day basis. The managerial staff knows what the current culture expects, how to feed and nurture the existing culture and how strong or weak the culture is. Managers of transnational organizations should necessarily show flexibility proportional to culture differences, respect to the differences, recognize motivates of the people, and select a suitable style of leadership in accord to situations and then take action with regard to the individuals under their supervision to realize defined objectives. Purpose of this research is to achieve relationship between cultures and leadership styles.

1. Specifications of leadership One of the most important characteristics of leaders is to have an insight with which they can see what occurs in the group, organization or society and diagnose the way it could be resolved. Such an insight gives leaders

Survey of leadership styles in different cultures

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energy and power to work. This energy and power can be created in them by inspiring their followers and motivating them. This inspiration defines their...
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