Research Theories

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Research Framework

Lecturer/Convenor:

Richard Boateng, PhD.
Email:

Research Framework: Theory and Concepts

richard@pearlrichards.org Office: UGBS RT18 (rooftop)
Research Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com

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Class Website

• www.vivaafrica.net

Use the class website WEEKLY, ask/comment on the articles, and JOIN the FACEBOOK Please Add your name and the course code

Research Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com

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Learning Objectives
• This session introduces students to research frameworks. It covers the differences between theoretical and conceptual frameworks and also explains the basics of hypotheses. Research Framework presents the way of studying variables/concepts concerning a phenomena in order to find/investigate the solution for the research problem. It outlines the relationships between the variables/concepts in manner which explains or predicts a social phenomena within a specific research problem. Finding theories • Literature • Database of Theories: www.tinyurl.com/researchtheories • Ask your academic supervisor/lecturer

Research Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com

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Research Framework: Theory and Concepts

Chapter 3

Research Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com

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Research Profiles of Lecturers in Business

• www.tinyurl.com/ugbslecturers

Research Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com

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Research Framework
– Forms part of the literature review – An outcome of the literature review which provides direction for data collection and analysis

Research Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com

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Structure of Long Essay
• • • • • • • Abstract Chapt. 1 – Introduction Chapt. 2 – Literature Review Chapt. 3 – Context of the Study Chapt. 4 – Research Methodology Chapt. 5 – Results and Discussion Chapt. 6 – Conclusion Research Framework

Research Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com

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Research Framework
• Presents the way of studying variables/concepts concerning a phenomena in order to find/investigate the solution for the research problem • It outlines the relationships between the variables/concepts in manner which explains or predicts a social phenomena within a specific research problem

Zikmund W G. (2003) Business Research Methods, 7th edition, Thomson/South-Western.

Research Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com

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Research FRAMEWORK
• It is called a research framework because it FRAMES the Research • Outlines relationships = how concepts or variables relate to explain or predict a particular social phenomena

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Research Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com

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Research Framework – exists in a form… of • Theory
– Theoretical framework
• Hypotheses • Mathematical model

• Conceptual
– Factor/Concept based-model (no specific theory)
• Literature review • Hypotheses (may propose) or mathematical model

– Factor/Concept based-model (revised a theory to test)
• Modified from a theory or a number of theories • Hypotheses (may propose) or mathematical model Research Methods – Dr Richard Boateng [richard@pearlrichards.org] Photo Illustrations from Getty Images – www.gettyimages.com

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Theory
• “A coherent set of general propositions used as principles of explanation, understanding and/or prediction...
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