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  • Topic: José Rizal, Laguna, University of Santo Tomas
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CHAPTER V: AT THE UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS (1877 – 82)

University of Santo Tomas Faculty of Arts and Letters where he studied Philosophy and Letters. Upon learning that his mother was going blind, he decided to study medicine specializing in ophthalmology at the University of Santo Tomas Faculty of Medicine and Surgery but did not complete the program claiming discrimination made by the Spanish Dominican friars against the native students.

2 courses enrolled at UST
• Philsophyand Letters (1877 – 1878)
• Medicine
Mother’s Opposition to Higher Education
-          Don Francisco and Paciano wanted Jose to pursue higher learning -          Dona Teodora opposed this at the university of santo tomas. • RIZAL ENTERS THE UNIVERSITY
-          April 1877, Rizal at 16 years old, entered University of Santo Tomas

2 reasons why he enrolled Philosophy and Letters
• His father liked it
• He was not sure what career to pursue
FATHER PABLO RAMON - Rector of the Ateneo, Rizal asked for advice on the choice of career Rizal studied Cosmology, Metaphysics, Theodicy, and History of Philosophy He took up a medical course 1878-1879 because;

• he followed AteneoRector’s advice
• wanted to be able to cure his mother’s growing blindness • FINISHES SURVEYING COURSE IN ATENEO 1878
-       He took a vocational course in Ateneo during his first term in UST -       The course lead to the title peritoagrimensor(expert surveyor) -      He passed the final examination at the age of 17 -         He was granted the title on November 25, 1881 -          His loyalty to Ateneocontinued

President of the Academy of Spanish Literature
Secretary of the Academy of Natural Sciences
Secretary of the Marian Congregation

• ROMANCES WITH OTHER GIRLS
- SEGUNDA KATIGBAK
14 yr. old Batanguena and engaged to Manuel Luz
-          “MISS L”
A girl with seductive eyes
The romance died a natural death because:
• The sweet memory of Segunda was still fresh in his heart • His father did not like the family of “Miss L”
• -          LEONOR VALENZUELA
Daughter of Capitan Juan and CapitanaSandayValenzuela, their neighbors who were from Pagsanjan, Laguna Her pet name was “Orang”
Rizal sent notes to her made with invisible ink (salt solution) - LEONOR RIVERA
• Jose boarded in Casa Tomasina (No. 6 Calle Santo Tomas, Intramuros) • Daughter of his landlord-uncle from Camiling, Antonio Rivera • She was a student at La Concordia College, also the school of Soledad, Jose’s youngest sister • Born in Camiling, Tarlac on April 11, 1867

• She used the name “Taimis” in her letters to Rizal • VICTIM OF SPANISH OFFICER’S BRUTALITY
-        Setting: Dark night, summer vacation 1878. Calamba -         He passed by a lieutenant of the Guardia Civil but failed to recognize the latter -         Insulted, the lieutenant slashed Jose’s back with his sword -         Jose reported to General Primo de Rivera, Spanish governor general, but no resolution was done because of racial discrimination  

 
• TO THE FILIPINO YOUTH (1879)
-Literary contest by Artistico-Literario (Artisitic- Literary Lyceum) -      Rizal, 18 years old, submitted his poem entitled A La Juventud Filipina(To the Filipino Youth) -       The first prize, a feather shaped, gold ribbon decorated silver pen was given to Rizal -        In the poem, Rizal beseeched the Filipino to rise from lethargy, to let their genius fly swifter than the wind and descend with art science to break the chains that have long bound the spirit of the people. -          The poem is a classic. Two reasons:

• It was the first great poem in Spanish written by a Filipino whose merit was recognized by Spanish literary authorities • It expressed for the first time the nationalistic concept that the Filipinos, and not the foreigners were the “fair hope of the Fatherland.” • THE COUNCIL OF THE GODS (1880)

   Another literary contest by the Artistic-Literary...
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