Hospital Planning & Designing

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  • Topic: Square foot, Functional programming, Area
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  • Published : May 4, 2013
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Hospital Planning & Designing

Planning & Designing Team
- Architects - Interior Designers

- Structural Consultants
- MEP consultants - Kitchen & Laundry Experts

- Landscape Consultants
- Project Managers - Bio-Medical Engineers - Hospital Administrators - Doctors Chitkara

Hospital Planning: Presentation flow
• Functional Programming

• Space Programming
• Basic Concepts of Designing • Planning of Specialized Areas

Chitkara

Principles: Functional Programming
• • • • • • • Broad knowledge & Literature overview Ability to cater to any eventualities Logical flow Interdepartmental harmony Complete range of specialty services Rule of adjacency Special design requirements

Ultimately will create a design brief for the Architect

Chitkara

Functional Programming
• After thrust areas analysis, one needs to identify functional areas under following categories • Core Areas (Directly Related to Thrust area) – General (Where no special design effort required) – OPD/IPD – Specialized (Where some specialized design effort required) – ICU/HDU/Casualty – Highly Specialized (Here specific design efforts are required) – OT/Daycare etc

• Support Areas
– General – Circulation spaces, waiting areas, administrative areas – Specialized – Engineering requirements, Rehabilitation – Highly Specialized – Diagnostic departments (Imaging/Laboratory)

Chitkara

Functional Space Programming

Chitkara

Functional Programming: Tool

Chitkara

Task for the Class
• Create Functional Programme for following specialties of the 75 bedded hospital • Cardiology & CTVS • Neurology & Neurosurgery • Artificial Kidney Department • Orthopedics • Oncology

Chitkara

Principles of Space Planning
• Functional Plan to act as base document

• Understanding the departmental components (Dimensions)
• Allocation of Circulation area & support areas • Prioritize comfort factors (Patients/Workforce/Relatives)

Chitkara

Space Planning: Tool

Med College

Chitkara

Summary Space Distribution
Floor Grd floor Area utilized [Sq.ft.] 14800 Area Available [Sq.ft.] 18125

1st floor
2nd floor [service flr.]

13365
12988

18125
18125

3rd Floor
4th floor [service flr.] 5th floor FLOOR TOTAL Add 20% for lobby, lifts & Stairs.

14150
14638 15000 84941 16988

18125
18125 18125 1,08,750 ------

Grand Total

1,01,929

1,08,750

Chitkara

Task for Class
Based on functional plan created for following specialties create Space Planning for the hospital (75 bedded) with following departments – Cardiology & CTVS – Neurology & Neurosurgery – Artificial Kidney Department – Orthopedics – Oncology

Chitkara

• Land Area • FSI • Allowable built up area

Basic concepts of Design

– Norms for height restriction (Air funnel/Fire fighting) – Norms for floor plate restriction (Distance from the fence, recreation facilities) – Norms for Basement (600mm or 2 Ft above the Gr level) ; (Free of FSI not Free of FSI)

• Planning Grid • Structural Details (Skeletal framework): Planning Considerations – – – – Frame structures vs Load bearing structures Column Beams vs Beamless structures (Capitus) Slabs (Leveled vs Sunk) ; (Thickness of Slabs)

• • • • • •

Estimating Water requirement of the hospital MGPS Electricity & HVAC Fire fighting requirement of the Hospital Entry & Exits in a hospital (ideal to have at least 3 entry or exits) Direction & its relevance to planning (Natural elements) Chitkara

SPECIALIZED AREA PLANNING

Chitkara

Specialized Area Plan: Casualty

Chitkara

Interiors : Casualty

Chitkara

General Area Plan: IPD
7.5 / 8

7.5 / 8

9.0
Chitkara

7.5 / 8

General Area Plan: IPD

Chitkara

Interiors: IPD Suite

Chitkara

Interiors: Nurse Station

Patterns of Nurse Station Design

Chitkara

Highly Specialized Area Plan: Radiology

Chitkara

Interiors: CT Scan Area

CT Scan Console

CT Scan Equipment Room

Chitkara

Highly...
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