Historical Evolution Sub-Areas of Artificial Intelligence

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CS324-Artificial Intelligence
Lecture 1: Introduction Waheed Noor
Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Balochistan, Quetta, Pakistan

Waheed Noor (CS&IT, UoB, Quetta)

CS324-Artificial Intelligence

November 2012

1 / 23

Outline

1

Course Description

What is AI? Historical Evolution Sub-Areas of AI Goals of AI References 2

Waheed Noor (CS&IT, UoB, Quetta)

CS324-Artificial Intelligence

November 2012

2 / 23

Outline

1

Course Description

What is AI? Historical Evolution Sub-Areas of AI Goals of AI References 2

Waheed Noor (CS&IT, UoB, Quetta)

CS324-Artificial Intelligence

November 2012

3 / 23

Artificial Inteligence (3-0)
Rationale
Artificial intelligence (AI) provides tools and techniques for the automation of intelligent behavior. This course exposes students to the paradigms and techniques necessary for study and research in AI. Emphasis is placed on the historical evolution and the emerging trends in (AI) technology. In this course: Concentrate on theoretical aspects of AI and its applications. Learn basic knowledge representation, problem solving, and learning methods of AI. Assignments after each unit. (Late assignments will not be accepted.) Plagiarism is an academic offense, zero marks will be given if found in your assignments. Random Quiz any day any time during class. Waheed Noor (CS&IT, UoB, Quetta) CS324-Artificial Intelligence November 2012 4 / 23

AI Books and Awards
Books & Materials
Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, Pearson Education by Russell and Norvig (2003) Artificial Intelligence: Structures and Strategies for Complex Problem Solving, Addison Wesley, by Luger (2008) Web Resources: Hundreds of links to different resources can be found on http://aima.cs.berkeley.edu/ai.html

(AI Completions and Awards, n.d.)
The Machine Intelligence Prize Loebner prize Herbrand Award

Waheed Noor (CS&IT, UoB, Quetta)

CS324-Artificial Intelligence

November 2012

5 / 23

Outline

1

Course Description

What is AI? Historical Evolution Sub-Areas of AI Goals of AI References 2

Waheed Noor (CS&IT, UoB, Quetta)

CS324-Artificial Intelligence

November 2012

6 / 23

Artificial Intelligence

Definition
The study and design of intelligent agents where an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chances of success.

Definition (John McCarthy)
It is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs. It is related to the similar task of using computers to understand human intelligence, but AI does not have to confine itself to methods that are biologically observable.

Waheed Noor (CS&IT, UoB, Quetta)

CS324-Artificial Intelligence

November 2012

7 / 23

Intelligence

What is Intelligence
It is related to task involving higher mental process For example: Creativity, problem solving, pattern recognition, language processing, learning, classification etc. Intelligence is actually the computational part of the ability to achieve goal, and varies among humans and animals.

Waheed Noor (CS&IT, UoB, Quetta)

CS324-Artificial Intelligence

November 2012

8 / 23

Intelligent Behavior

Intelligent Behavior
Percieving the environment Acting in complex environment Learning and understanding from experience Reasoning to solve problems and discover hidden knowledge Responding in new situation by applying knowledge successfully Thinking abstractly, and using analogies Communication

Waheed Noor (CS&IT, UoB, Quetta)

CS324-Artificial Intelligence

November 2012

9 / 23

Outline

1

Course Description

What is AI? Historical Evolution Sub-Areas of AI Goals of AI References 2

Waheed Noor (CS&IT, UoB, Quetta)

CS324-Artificial Intelligence

November 2012

10 / 23

Historical Development: Basis for AI I

Philosophy: intelligence can be achieved via mechanical computation...
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