Ecogov Wacs

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Waste Analysis and Characterization Study – A Manual
Suggested Citation: EcoGov Project 2011. Waste Analysis and Characterization Study – A Manual. Philippine Environmental Governance Project, Pasig City, Philippines. Published with the assistance from the American people through the U.S. Agency for International Development’s (USAID) Philippine Environmental Governance Project (EcoGov). Month and year of publication: June 2011 (second printing).

The views expressed here do not necessarily reflect the views of the USAID or the United States Government.
Principal Writers: Maria Theresa Espino-Yap, Rebecca Paz, and Evelyn Sagun Technical Contributions: Erwin Patricio, Kent Omictin, Apple Amor, Diego Tautho, Victor Luis Jr., Melisa Sapdoy, and Technical Staff of the Solid Waste Management Association of the Philippines (SWAPP) Book design: Randolf Gustaf P. Luna

Design supervision and print production: Lume Inamac
Photo Credits: EcoGov Field Staff
The EcoGov project is managed by Development Alternatives, Inc., an international consulting firm engaged in research and policy advocacy, and its subcontractors:
• Cesar Virata & Associates, Inc.
• The Marine Environment and Resources Foundation, Inc.
• Orient Integrated Development Consultants, Inc.
• Resources, Environment and Economics Center for Studies, Inc.

Table of Contents
Acronyms .............................................................................................................................. vii Chapter 1. Introduction ....................................................................................................... 1 Chapter 2. Preparation and Training .................................................................................. 5 A. Identification of Waste Sources and Defining Sampling Area.......................................................5 B. Sample Selection: Household and Non-Household Waste Generators ....................................15 C. Sample Selection: End-of-Pipe Waste .................................................................................................21 D. Selection of Sample Days .....................................................................................................................22 E. Formation and Training of the WACS Team .....................................................................................23 F. Selection and Preparation of the Waste Segregation Site.............................................................28 G. Preparation of the Waste Collection and Waste Disposal Plan ..................................................29 H. Acquisition and Preparation of Tools, Materials

and Other Resources for Waste Characterization ........................................................................30 I. Orientation of Cooperators ...............................................................................................................38 J. Preparation for Data Processing ........................................................................................................38 Chapter 3. Actual Waste Characterization ....................................................................... 39 A. Characterizing Household and Non-Household Waste ...............................................................40 B. Characterizing Market and End-of-Pipe Waste ...............................................................................43 C. Processing the Learning from Waste Characterization .................................................................44 D. Notes on the Use by LGUs of Representative WACS Data ........................................................45 Chapter 4. Data Processing and Analysis ........................................................................... 47 A. Data Processing ......................................................................................................................................47 B. Analysis of the Information...
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