Arousal, Behavior, Stress, and Affect Worksheet
Using the text for this course, the University Library, the Internet, or other resources answer the following questions. Your response to each question must be at least 250 words in length.
1. What are the differences between physiological and psychological needs? Provide examples of each in your response. According to Decker, 2010, physiological needs are those such as air, food, shelter, and clothing. These are needs of survival. He continues by stating that psychological needs are those of acceptance, love, and self-esteem. Maslow theory breaks down needs into hierarchy of physiological needs: physiological, safety, belongingness, esteem, and self-actualization. He believed that one could not advance to the next level if the previous nee was not met. An example of this would be, if someone did not have his or her physiological need met of clothing, they may not a sense of safety, they may not have a sense of belongingness, their esteem may be low which can cause them to have a lack of self-actualization. I can envision a teenager having these problems; their clothes are what they tend to live for, to be accepted.
2. What is the relationship between arousal and behavior? Does this relationship impact performance and affect? Arousal and motivation go hand in hand, one senses must be aroused to do just about anything as with motivation. Deckers, 2010, stated that arousal "helps performance but too much arousal hinders it." Ones behavior depends on the task at hand and the amount of arousal. Take for example when having a dead line to meet, many people work better when not in a crunch for time. Their arousal to get the work done is then on high and that is how stupid mistakes are made, compared to when if they were more aroused to do the work earlier in the week. Deckers, 2010, points out, that if ones drive or arousal is increased the chances of...