"Fourth Amendment To The United States Constitution" Essays and Research Papers

Fourth Amendment To The United States Constitution

"The United States Constitution is a healthy document which still serves our nation exceptionally well and does not need drastic change or revision." Since June twenty first of 1788, when the United States Constitution was ratified in Washington D.C. it has been considered The Law of the Land. Ever since that date, we have followed those rules as the Federal law and overall “ruling” of our lives. For almost two hundred twenty four years, this has been what our country has been following to this...

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The Fourth Amendment

Abstract This paper will investigate the fourth amendment, unlawful search and seizure, and will explain what is considered to be unlawful and what is not. This paper will also discuss the right of privacy that Americans are entitled to as citizens of the United States. Events that have marked history in regards to the fourth amendment will also be explored, explaining the nature of searches and the key components that coincide. The court ruling in the historic case of Arizona vs. Gant will be...

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The History and Significance of the Fourth Amendment

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE FOURTH AMENDMENT "The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized." -Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution (4) A search as described in the Constitution is defined as when...

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The Fourth Amendment: New Jersey vs. T.L.O.

The Fourth Amendment to the constitution protects United States citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures. Our forefathers recognized the harm and abuses that occurred in the colonies to innocent people by the British, and they made sure to write protections into the U.S. Constitution. Fearing the police state that any nation has the potential to become and recognizing that freedom and liberty is meaningless when victimization by the police is a real and foreboding threat the Fourth Amendment...

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The Fourth Amendment: Search and Seizure

without violating any individual’s rights or breaking constitutional rights. The Fourth Amendment under the U.S. Constitution protects every citizen, by restricting police officials to enter their private entity without a valid warrant. At times when police officials want to get information on the spot from a suspect, they will question them under the Due Process provisions of the Fourteenth Amendment. The Fifth Amendment is in place to protect individuals from unfair questions or in other words, against...

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Policing and the Constitution

The Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution states: Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and sets out requirements for search warrants based on probable cause. This amendment impacts law enforcement because police need a warrant to make arrests and searches. This is not applicable if the officer has first-hand knowledge of an event and the evidence is likely to be destroyed or the subject will abscond if time is taken to get a warrant. If a warrantless search is made by the police...

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Fernandez V. California: Fourth Amendment Upheld?

Fernandez v. California: Fourth Amendment Upheld? POL 303 August 4, 2013   The Merit case of Fernandez v. California is seeking to determine whether the Constitutional rights of Walter Fernandez were violated under the 4th Amendment when law enforcement conducted a search of his residence upon obtaining consent from his girlfriend, who was also a resident, after Fernandez was taken into custody (and had stated his objections to the search while at the scene). In Georgia v. Randolph (2006)...

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IV Amendment

IV Amendment The Constitution, through the Fourth Amendment, protects people from unreasonable searches and seizures by the government.  The Fourth Amendment, however, is not a guarantee against all searches and seizures, but only those that are deemed unreasonable under the law.  Whether a particular type of search is considered reasonable in the eyes of the law, is determined by balancing two important interests.  On one side of the scale is the intrusion on an individual's Fourth Amendment...

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Amendments and East Side Riva Gang

soomro@yahoo.com Amendments And The East Side Riva Gang. The United States Constitution declares the Amendments that of which apply to anyone that is present in the United States, citizen or a non-citizen. The preamble, or an introduction given to the people, by the founding fathers of the United States was meant to lay an outline for the Amendments. One can interpret the preamble as a reason why the Amendments exist and why they are still being commonly used in the United States. The Amendments...

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Fourth Amendment Essay

Fourth Amendment Ashley J. Peterson Constitutional Law Steve Areges Kaplan University 1/13/2010 Fourth Amendment The Fourth Amendment is important not only to the citizens but for our law enforcement as well. The Fourth Amendment is still evolving today, as common and statutory laws change so does our Fourth Amendment. This amendment has come a long way and will continue to serve us in our best interests for as long as we live, whether we agree of disagree. “The right of the people...

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Fourth and Fifth Amendment

The Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution reads: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized (The Free Dictionary 2013) In 1973, the Supreme Court case Cady v. Dombrowski created the “community caretaking exception...

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Criminal Justice amendments

A Different Perspective on the Law The United States has had an effective law enforcement system for hundreds of years, which has revolutionized itself starting with the implication of the Constitution to the lawless west and effectively to where it is today. The American criminal justice system has many branches and occupations, all of which focus on a common goal of keeping our nation as safe as possible. In the following paragraphs, I will discuss an interview with a San Diego Police Officer...

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Law 260 Final Paper Fourth Amendment

criminals face justice, but it raises the question of how far are these officials able to go before they are unreasonably invading people’s privacy? That is generally what the 4th Amendment deals with, protection against unreasonable search and seizure. The current case of Jones vs. United States is a suit dealing with the 4th Amendment and has large implications, as it could set precedent for whether or not GPS tracking can be used without a warrant. A tracking device was put on his Jones car by police officers...

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The 4th Amendment Right and Patriot Act

4th Amendment and NYPD surveillance The United States has leaded the world as the dominant super power. Today many people around the world are wondering how did the United States come into existence and more importantly how has it been able to maintain its place as the most dominant nation. One thing which makes this country so great and contributes too many successful years is its democratic laws. Nobody wants a monarchy or a system which abuses the people without protection. The Founding fathers...

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4th Amendment vs. Patriot Act

Mohammad S. Chaudhry American Government 25-April-2012 Fourth Amendment vs. Patriot Act “Give me Liberty or give me death” by Patrick Henry It is dangerous world when you’re not safe in your own home. Thieves and robbers are not the suspects anymore; instead it’s the authorities that take their place in terrorizing your mind and body. The policing authorities have been given a free pass to do as they please to put fear in the nation’s eyes. With the implementation of acts such as the...

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Irac Case Brief State V. Mcneely

State v. McNeely 358 S.W.3d 65 MO. (2012) Facts: The defendant was stopped by a Missouri state highway patrolman for speeding and during this stop the trooper noticed that the defendant was displaying all the tell-tale signs of being intoxicated; blood shot eyes, slurred speech, and the smell of alcohol on his breath. This stop then changed from being a speeding stop to a DWI investigation. The trooper had the defendant get out of his truck and perform standard field sobriety tests. The defendant...

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The Right of People - the Fourth Amendment

According to the Fourth Amendment, The right of people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, against unreasonable searches and seizures shall no be violated and no warrants shall issue, but upon reasonable cause supported by Oath or affirmation and particularly describing the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized. Protection from unreasonable searches and seizures requires police, if they have time to obtain a valid search warrant, issued by a magistrate after the...

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Analysis of Article on 4th Amendment

Review: " Suspect Searches: Assessing Police Behavior Under the U.S. Constitution"   The article "Suspect Searches: Assessing Police Behavior Under the U.S. Constitution," by Gould and Mastrofski explores the police usage of unconstitutional searches.  Unconstitutional searches are those that are in violation of the fourth amendment.  The fourth amendment rights, along with certain case laws put forth the guidelines for legal stops, frisks, and searches.  Gould and Mastrofski perform a direct observation...

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4th Amendment

All Americans are entitled to their rights. The Fourth Amendment states that we the people have to deny search and seizures from law enforcement without a warrant. The fourth amendment generally prohibits police from entering a home without a warrant unless the circumstances fit an established exception to the warrant requirement. According to the book The Constitution: Our Written Legacy by Joseph A. Melusky, the Fourth Amendment gives the right of the people to be secure in their person, houses...

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Is the American Constitution a 'beacon on the hill'?

of the American Constitution. The American Constitution is far from “a beacon on the hill” because it has significant flaws; features such as its rigidity means that it is extremely hard to amend when necessary and The Constitution’s ambiguity enables krytocracy to exist. Its underlying principles of democracy, equality and freedom are admirable particularly when it was created in the late seventeen hundreds and there are many strengths that remain in the constitution e.g. The Bill...

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Supreme Court Decisions

Chapter 4 10/16/2011 The Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution states “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized (Fourth Amendment). The text of the Fourth Amendment does not define exactly what “unreasonable...

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4th Amendment Search & Seizure

The Fourth Amendment is part of the Bill of Rights which was established in the seventeenth and eighteenth century English common law. Aside from the rest of the amendments in the Bill of Rights the Fourth Amendment can be traced back to a strong public reaction from some cases back in the 1760s. Two of these cases happened in England and one case happened in the colonies. These cases involved some pamphleteers who would pass out pamphlets to the public in order to spread their word around. These...

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3 important amendments

of 10 amendments that were ratified to insure the new government did not have too much power and to make sure the citizens’ rights were protected. Of these 10 amendments, I feel there are 3 that stand out and are the most important. The 4th amendment, which prohibits unreasonable searches. The 5th amendment, which protects the right to a fair and speedy public trial by jury. And most importantly, the first amendment, which protects the freedom of speech and religion. Without these 3 amendments, I believe...

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Criminal Law Foundations Essay

Phoenix CJA 484 September 7, 2014 Shane Evans Criminal Law Foundations Evaluation The United States Constitution has been amended since its origination. These amendments are meant to help our Nation adjust to the ever changing times. Our Bill of Rights is contended in the first ten amendments. The Bill of Rights is instilled into our constitution to protect the citizens of the United States from unfair and unjust treatment by their own government. Our government is protected and enforced...

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Violations of an Amendment

How would you feel if a state officer pulled you over for driving two miles above the speed limit? As you wait on the side of the road, the cops search your car and every motorist stares. Unfortunately if you grew up in New Jersey, had a parent with a license and you’re African American you have most likely experienced this reality and do not have to imagine, for it has created a vivid image that has stained your memory. “In New Jersey the data showed that only 15% of all drivers on the New Jersey...

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Informative Essay

2012 Fourth Amendment Violation “Get on the ground! Don’t move! Don’t ask questions just sit there and shut up!!” said the Officer. “But why? Wait you can’t search my car. You don’t have a warrant!” I cried. “I don’t need a warrant to search your car. Shut Up I am the law boy!” shouted the officer. Imagine if this was a situation that you were put into, a situation in which your rights were violated and you couldn’t do anything about it. The officer in this situation violated my Fourth Amendment...

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Exclusionary Rule Pros and Cons

right is the Fourth amendment’s ban on unreasonable searches and seizures. The second and third constitutional rights are the Fifth Amendment’s ban on coerced incriminating statements and the Sixth amendments right to counsel. The Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments guarantee due process of law in administering identification procedures. Also most states have their own version of the exclusionary rule worked into their state constitutions or statues, some of which predate the Constitution The exclusionary...

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virginia v morre

18.2-11. The officers then searched the vehicle in which chubbs was driving. During the search of the vehicle the officers found 16 grams of crack cocaine and $516 in cash. The state law of Virginia states that the officers should have offered Moore a summons rather than arresting him. The statutes of the Fourth Amendment give the officers the right to search if they believe a crime was committed in their presence. The act of driving on a suspended license is not an offense you can be arrested for...

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Ethics in Infrmation Technology

 The United States v. Jones and the Fourth Amendment By: Melinda Redwine September 17, 2014 Ethics in Information Technology Technology is a magnificent thing. A majority of people use some form of technology on a daily basis such as their telephones, computers, tablets, and even many devices on their cars. Many of these things are a necessity for a person to have daily, especially if they have to use these devices for work and/or school. Technology also helps...

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Crj: 201 Law Enforcement

the law violates the law in which it enforces it creates mayhem and they lose the trust of the people. By obeying the laws just like the rest of the United States, they gain the social legitimacy that is needed in communities. Weeks Vs. United States Weeks. Vs. The United States was the case where Fremont Weeks filed suit against the United States for illegally entering his home and seizing papers that were used in his conviction of transporting lottery tickets through the mail. While at work one...

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The Evolution of the Exclusionary Rule

historical analysis, this work highlights key cases that have influenced the evolution of the Exclusionary rule and where it stands today. The purpose of this paper is to inform people of the importance of our constitutional rights, especially the fourth amendment when concerning a criminal prosecution. The exclusionary rule is set in place to ensure justice be served and the accused are treated equally. If you have ever found yourself with a criminal status you should be sure that you were or are treated...

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Constitutional Policing

Policing The Fourth Amendment of the Constitution states: “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable search and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched and the persons or things seized.” The Fourth Amendment is clearly broken in the case of Weeks v. United States, it was a United States Supreme Court...

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Writing to Convince

and non-citizen by the United States Constitution. Knowing and practicing the rights outlined and provided by the amendments of the U.S. Constitution, will prove to be an important part of a larger plan focusing on tangible solutions to combat the constitutional violations such as the First and Forth amendments that are happening on a daily basis in the borderlands. The ACLU filed a formal complaint on January 15, 2014 over how Border Patrol agents treat United States citizens at checkpoints...

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CJA 484 Criminal Law Foundations Evaluation

Jacinto C. Rincon June 24, 2013 David Mailloux With a great deal of debate the design of the United States along with the lay out by the founders of the country who took their roll in laying down the “rules” of the United States of America very seriously. The Articles of Confederation, the Bill of Rights, and the US Constitution lay the floor work of a layer of protection afforded to all United States Citizens. Each of the doctrines provides a step towards the written words that have granted many...

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Mapp vs. Ohio Cort Case

searches and seizures, shall not be violated,” Mapp V. Ohio (1961) dealt with that very sentence of the constitution. Were the officers at fault or Mapp? This complex question has a complex answer one that puzzled the Supreme Court and led to a change in criminal procedure. The verdict was a strict interpretation of the constitution. The fourth amendment was relevant because the fourteenth amendment grunted due process. It was a very good decision, it protected the black minority who at the time...

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Exclusionary Rule

Exclusionary Rule and Its Exceptions Introduction: The Exclusionary Rule The Fourth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures by law enforcement personnel. (US Const. amend. IV) Though the Amendment “forbids unreasonable searches and seizures, it does not provide a mechanism for prevention or a remedy.” (Jackson, 1996) After passage of the Fourth Amendment, courts began to make laws regarding the rule against unreasonable searches...

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Criminal Procedure Probable Cause

("Criminal Law Lawyer Source", 2013). The Fourth Amendment of the Constitution protects all United States citizens “the right of the people to secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched and the persons things to be seized” ("U.S Constitution", 2010). The article mentioned that officials...

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Patriot Act

February 14, 2013 HSI-170 A month in a half after 9/11 terrorist attack on the United States, the USA Patriot Act passed Congress, it's also known as the “Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism” Act, or more simply, the Patriot Act. The Patriot Act was created with the noble intention of finding and prosecuting international terrorists operating on American soil; however, the unfortunate consequences of the Act have been...

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Intelligence-Led Policing and Civil Liberties

large sums everyone’s personal lives are being accessed throughout the country by law enforcement agencies. Information sharing has help our country’s safety, no boundaries on information sharing has given rise to large information centers on United State citizens, where possible threats can be weeded out. In the pass the shortcomings of information sharing was not because of legal boundaries, but because agencies were weary of sharing what they knew. Title two of the Patriot Act has help with...

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Search and Seizure

October 13, 2014 Dr. Rahim Jones Agenda • • • • • • • • • • • 8:00 am- Welcome 8:30- Define search and seizure 9:00- Types of searches 9:15- School’s Rights 9:30- Student’s Rights 9:45- BREAK 10:00- 4th and 5th Amendments 10:15- Court cases and scenarios 11:00- Searches at the District and State level 11:30- Officer Wheeler 12:30-Lunch Search and Seizure • Public School Officials acting in loco parentis have the right to initiate a search based on reasonable suspicion. ( Essey, 2003). • A public school student's protection against unreasonable...

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Privacy

understanding as to what the US Constitution states about our privacy rights and what is and is not considered state and federal violations. Since the US Constitution was not necessarily written to deal with the issues that are important in society today, such as same sex marriages and the option to get and perform an abortion, privacy violations can be considered arguable and often controversial. For that reason, the questions remain, how clear is the US Constitution in describing our privacy rights...

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Mapp vs Ohio(Court Case)

Historical Background: • In the period from 1961 to 1969, the Warren Court examined every aspect of the criminal justice system in the United States, using the 14th Amendment to extend constitutional protections to all courts in every State. • The process above became known as “nationalization” of the Bill of Rights. • During 1961-1969, cases concerning the right to legal counsel, confessions, searches, and the treatment of juvenile criminals all appeared on the Court’s docket. ...

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Common Ground

whether full-body scanners should be the main method of scanning in the United States. In 2010 and 2011, when Michael Madison Taylor wrote “Bending Broken Rules: The Fourth Amendment Implications Of Full-Body Scanners In Preflight Screening” and William Bradshaw wrote “Borderline: Why The Federal Government May Use Backscatter Technology To Search Vehicles and Containers At International Borders, But The Fourth Amendment May Block Its Use On Persons,” this debate about full-body scanners was beginning...

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Exclusionary Rule Evaluation

legal principle established by the exclusionary rule is embodied in the United States of America Constitution and relates to the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments. The Fourth Amendment protects the people by prohibiting illegal searches and seizures. The Fourteenth Amendment ensures offenders are afforded their rights to due process in a criminal trial according to the law. The exclusionary rule also applies to the Fifth Amendment, which protect the people against self incrimination when charged with...

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Constitutionality of Stop and Frisk

The Constitutionality of the Stop and Frisk The Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution guards against unreasonable searches and seizures. It also states that no warrants shall be issued without a probable cause. Modern jurisprudence has afforded police officers an incentive to respect the amendment. The Stop and Frisk law allows police officers to stop someone and do a quick search of their outer clothes for weapons if the officer has a reasonable suspicion that a crime has or is...

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Compare and Contrast Emma Bovary and Nora Helmer.

In the case of James Smith, a burglar that was found guilty of robbing his next door neighbor appealed his case to the Supreme Court based on the premise that his Fourteenth Amendment right to equal protection under the law was violated when evidence the defendant claimed was seized illegally but not excluded from the court process. The case started when the criminal defendant, Smith, burglarized his next door neighbor’s house. The neighbor being sure Smith was responsible for stealing his belongings...

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Search Warrants and Proable Cause

concept of search warrants, probable cause, and searches go hand in hand as part of the legal system. Each step makes the next step part of the process. This process gives us certain civil liberties and are all rooted in the 4th Amendment of the Constitution of The United State of America. The following information will interpret, define, and support the legal justification of warrants, probable cause, and searches. The definition of a search warrant is a judicial document that authorizes police...

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Search and Seizure

the United States formed as a republic its need to form laws to protect its people became an evident need. Along with the powers to be at control of these laws, there were also limitations on what the government could and could not do to protect the people from the government as well. One of these controlling factors is the Fourth Amendment, which protects our citizens and visitors from an array of items. A few in particular would be; right to privacy, search, and seizure. The Fourth Amendment also...

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3

Annotated Bibliography Note-Taking Guide Fill in the notes for the amendment and for each of the three categories (multimedia, contemporary cases, advocacy documents). If you need support for the citation, consult the MLA Formatting Guide you printed from the lesson. Amendment for your topic (from the Bill of Rights): fourth amendment Citation:https: //www.law.cornell.edu/wex/Fourth_amendment What information from this source seems the most important? The most vital piece of the alteration is...

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Psychology

summary of the contents of the document.] | Cruller v. Florida Cruller v. Florida is a case that arose as a function of the Florida state court system. The case was presented to the Florida Supreme Court on a certified question to resolve a case law conflict between sister courts of different appellate districts. The case initially arose from a violation two state criminal statutes, armed robbery and car-jacking The defendant /appellant appealed his conviction to the Third District Court of...

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Learning Team IRAC Brief week 3

years relevant to this week’s objectives. After selecting a current case, Learning Team B prepared a case brief using the IRAC method. Learning Team B selected the United States v. Jones case, which was decided January 23, 2012. Learning Team B was also tasked to provide an explanation of how the legal concepts in the United States v. Jones case could be applied within a business managerial setting. The government issued a warrant to place a Global Positioning System on the personal vehicle of...

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Exclusionary Rule

that bars unlawfully obtained evidence from being used in court proceedings.” The dictionary provides a basic definition for all to understand however, the definition of the U.S. Supreme Court is more in depth. The U.S. Supreme Court’s definition states, “The name commonly given to the principle that evidence obtained by the government in violation of a defendant's constitutional right may not be used against him. A defendant may prevent the prosecution from using evidence against her by making a...

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The Exclusionary Rule

unlawful search and seizure and a violation of the rights provided by the Fourth Amendment. Also, this document will display the history of the Exclusionary Rule, with its first appearance in the case, Boyd v. United States in 1886. Weeks v. United States will show a better-established, stronger version of the exclusionary rule. Another expansion of the rule will be described by the Mapp v. Ohio case. In this paper, I will also state and describe the four primary exceptions to the exclusionary rule: Inevitable...

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Supreme Court Case (4th Amendment)

Alexis Crump Landmark Supreme Court Case: Washington V. Chrisman 11/29/9 Plaintiff: State of Washington Defendant: Chrisman Plaintiff’s Claim: The drugs that were collected in Chrisman’s dormitory room was legally obtained and could be used as evidence. Chief Lawyer for the Plaintiff: Ronald R Carpenter Chief Lawyer for the Defendant: Robert F Patrick Judges in Favor of the Court: Harry A. Blackmun, Sandra Day O’Connor, Lewis F. Powell, Jr., William H. Rehnquist and John...

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Mapp V. Ohio

A. Was the issuance of the warrant by the police officer invalid in violation of the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments? YES. B. In the absence of a warrant, may a search and seizure take place in a person’s home without their consent? NO. C. Is evidence obtained, without a warrant, from voluntary submission of a third party inadmissible in a court of law in violation of the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments? NO. * Decision: The Court held that the exclusionary rule, which prevents unconstitutionally...

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Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Vocabulary and Court Case Study Guide

Bill of Rights: the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which define such basic liberties as freedom of religion, speech, and press and guarantee defendants’ rights. First Amendment: the constitutional amendment that establishes the four great liberties: freedom of press, of speech, of religion, and of assembly. Barron v. Baltimore: the 1833 Supreme Court decision holding that the Bill of Rights restrained only the national government, not the states and cities. Gitlow v. New York:...

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Search Warrants

Abstract The understanding of the Fourth Amendment in the U.S. Constitution and its relevance for searches and seizures is critical for any investigator, and it strikes a balance between individual liberties and the rights of society. Most importantly, the limitation on any search is that the scope must be narrow, if a search is not conducted legally, the evidence obtained is worthless. As a matter of fact, the exclusionary rule established that courts may not accept evidence obtained by unreasonable...

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Search and Seizure

 CJA 364 Criminal Procedure Search and Seizure The Fourth Amendment was set in place to protect society from unlawful police work. When it comes to apprehending criminals and ensuring their conviction, evidence needs to be gathered before hand. To do so, there is a lengthy process to be followed; the search and seizure method, the arrest, reasonableness, and right of privacy methods. However, there are laws that can protect officers in the line of...

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Serarch of Students 4th Amendment

doing this the courts have established certain criteria that they can follow in regards to searches of schools. The Supreme Court declared that the Fourth Amendment does apply in the school but, due to the fact that the schools interest is to maintain security, order, and provide a good educational environment the full protection of the 4th Amendment does not apply. (Ferdico, Fradella & Totten, 2009) The scopes of the searches are limited and should be reasonable in nature. Random searches...

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Strip Searches in Schools

November 2012 The Fourth Amendment: Does it really protect “Everyone”? The Fourth Amendment is an essential part of the United States Constitution. It grants all United States citizens the right to not have illegal searches and seizures brought against them. With this being said, the most recent debate of the Fourth Amendment has occurred in the United States Public School Systems. Many kids and adults feel that students should have the same rights under the Constitution when attending school...

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