The 4th Amendment is part of the Bill of Rights that prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and requires any warrant to be judicially sanctioned and supported by probable cause.
What are some concerns a crime scene investigator or detective should be aware of?
Some concerns a crime scene investigator should be aware of include paying attention to details and watching their surroundings. Photography everything because you can never have too many photos, take notes of information such as times, temperatures, and little things others may not notice.
Please give an example when knowledge of the 4th Amendment must be applied to a crime scene.
An example of when knowledge of the 4th Amendment must be applied to a crime scene is when warrantless searches were or will be made. The evidence collected through warrantless searches can be deemed inadmissible in court.
Please research and explain landmark case, such as Mapp v. Ohio, Terry v. Ohio, etc.
On May 23, 1957, police officers in Cleveland Ohio suburb received information that a suspect in a bombing case, as well as some illegal betting equipment, might be found in the home of Dollree Mapp. Three officers went to the home and asked for permission to enter, but Dollree Mapp refused to admit them without a search warrant. Two officers left, and one remained. Three hours later, the two officers returned with several officers. Showing a piece of paper they broke in the door. Dollree Mapp asked to see the warrant and took it from an officer, putting it in her dress. The officers struggled with Mapp and took the piece of paper away from her. They handcuffed her for being belligerent. They did not find the bombing suspect or the gambling equipment. They did however, find pornographic material in a trunk in her basement. She was arrested, prosecuted, and found guilty for possession of pornographic material. Mrs. Mapp and her attorney appealed this decision