World History Final Review

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World Final Review: China:
Major dynasties after Qin
Shang
Capital Anyang
Had dynasty ruling families
Shang Kings had little land and the nobles governed most of the land and were loyal to the king
Noblewomen had status
Majoristy of people were peasants and lived in poor conditions
Chief God- Shand Di
Polytheistic
Believed ancestor worships- helped with war and crops
Zhou
Longest ruling dynasty
Introduce feudalism
Confucianism
Qin
Shi Huangdi: Leader
Xiangyang: Capital
Policy of Legalism
Start of the Great Wall
Terra-cotta Warriors
Han Dynasty
Wudi- most famous leader—nickname “Warrior Emperor; was known for expanding borders, stressing education, increasing trade; was a hands on ruler
Capital- Chang’an
Govt:
Used bureaucracy and Confucianism
Used civil test to give people govt. jobs, but only educated men would pass it and women were not allowed to take the test
Major Achievements:
Created acupuncture
Invented paper
Weak leadership and high taxes bring fall to the dynasty  this begins The Age of Disunity which lasts for 300 years
Yuan Dynasty
Yuan Dynasty (1200s - 1300s)
Genghis Khan leads Mongol Invasion
Main struggle was the Great Wall
Genghis dies before invasion is complete
Kublai Khan: officially established the Mongol dynasty in China
Mongol Rule: war-like people, fierce conquerers
Tolerant rulers
Tolerant religiously
Kublai wanted distinction between the Chinese and the Mongols
Mongols are the only ones allowed in government
European Trade
China trade with Europe for the 1st time
Europeans flooded to China
Marco Polo serves as Kublai Khan’s adviser (almost 20 years)
A Description of the World by Marco Polo
Describes China as wealthy & great
Kublia Khan dies & the dynasty falls
Mongol rule in China
Genghis Khan leads the Mongol invasion of China but does not complete it
The biggest obstacle is the Great Wall
Kublai Khan completes the invasion and starts the Yuan Dynasty—Capital is

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