ap study guide

Satisfactory Essays
1. Politically, how did the Guptas rule?
Smaller & depended on local governance (indivs., villages, etc.)
2. For much of history, the Indian political landscape was characterized by?
Small kingdoms
3. Who unified the Gupta Empire?
Ruler Chandra Gupta
4. The high point of Mauryan success came during the reign of?
Their Grandson
5. Like the Romans and the Hans, the collapse of the Gupta state was partially caused by an invasion of the ?
Invaded by the White Huns
6. How did the Mauryans rise to power? Who was the first ruler to unify India and create the Mauryan Empire?
Chandragupta Maurya was the first state to bring a centralized & unified gov’t to India.
7. One of the most pronounced examples of the nature of patriarchy in ancient India was?
Caste System
a. Rules forbade marrying outside one’s caste or eating with members of another caste. Could get polluted by lower castes.
b. Although separate, different castes depended on each other for basic needs.
c. Indivs. who did not abide by group rules were liable to expulsion from the community.
By the Gupta era child marriage was common, girls were 8 or 9, men were in 20s. – encouraged them to devote their lives to their family.
8. What were some of Ashoka's accomplishments?
Communicated his policies throughout his realms by inscribing edicts in natural stone formations or on pillars that he erected
9. Han Wudi is recognized as the strongest Han emperor. What would be his most important contribution to the administrations of later dynasties?
Han Wudi (141–87bce) – greatest & most energetic emperor took China to new heights.
Had a devoted army
10. The Han Dynasty began its decline when it could not solve the problem of …?
Led to decline b/c could not solve the problem of land distribution
11. Despite their material success and increased wealth, where did merchants in China rank?
Merchants in China ranked below peasants & had little societal influence.
12. Where was The Persian Empire located?

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