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Confucianism In China

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Confucianism In China
Looking back on the first civilizations of China provides a reflection of modern Chinese and East Asian societies.

According to mythology, Chinese civilization was created by Pangu and ruled by “legendary sage emperors Yao and Shun and other culture heroes.” (Timeline) This was followed by the Five Emperors and the Three Sovereigns, according to “Records of the Grand Historian” The Earthly Sovereign, The Heavenly Sovereign, and The Human Sovereign. (Timeline)

The “First recorded Chinese dynasty for which there is both documentary and archaeological evidence” is the Shang Dynasty (1766 - 1122 BC.) Based in An-yang, the Shang Dynasty, like most ancient cultures had a fixed social order beginning with king Tang, and ending with the farmers.
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Eventually the Zhou dynasty conquered the Shang, resorting to feudalism in order to preside over central China. (Gascoigne pg.2) (Encyclopedia Britannica) During this period Confucianism emerged spreading his thoughts on right behavior and with that acceptance of rank on the basis of mutual obligation. (Gascoigne pg.2) Daoism also rears its head, fulfilling China’s spiritual needs. Deism emphasizes “The Way and its Power.” According to Gascoigne, Bamber “Confucianism and Daoism are like two sides of the same Chinese coin.” Mirroring the idea of Yin and Yang, also conceptualized during the Zhou …show more content…
It was a cruel system with five punishments; “branding on the forehead, cutting off the nose, cutting off the feet, castration and death.” (Gascoigne pg.2) During this period all books the government deemed unnecessary were burned and many Confucian scholars were executed. Because of the brutality suffered, there was a rebel eunuch and multiple peasant rebellions resulting in the Qin dynasty overthrow. Though the Qin emperor ruled with terror, his efforts to unify China, leave the lasting impact that this land mass should “be a single entity.” (Gascoigne pg.2)

The Han dynasty (206 BC - AD 220) “is the first of the five great Chinese dynasties.” “The others are the T’ang (7th-10th centuries), Song (10th-13th), Ming (14th-17th) and Qing (17th-20th).” (Gascoigne pg.3) Under the Han dynasty, confucianism is once again supported forming the Confucian examination system a key part in the administrative system. The Han rulers focus

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