American History Notes

Topics: Andrew Jackson, Cherokee, John C. Calhoun Pages: 5 (1760 words) Published: February 9, 2014
The Presidential Election of 1828 was different from any other presidential election that had ever taken place in America. Why? This was the first presidential election in which all males could vote. Andrew Jackson campaigned as the candidate of the ordinary people. In 1828, the ordinary non-landowners became Jackson's strongest supporters, and with their votes, he won the Presidential Election of 1828. He championed the cause of the ordinary man throughout his entire presidency. BITS (acronym for the changes made under Jackson)

B- Bank. The National Bank had been used as the main bank of the national government and major businesses since 1789. President Madison closed it briefly during the War of 1812, but he reopened it again after the war ended. Every 20 years, Congress was required to approve a charter for a National Bank. In 1836, Congress approved a charter for a Second National Bank. What do you think President Andrew Jackson did about it? He vetoed it. Why? He believed that the bank favored the wealthy people in society. He wanted to help the ordinary American people, especially the farmers. Therefore, he closed the National Bank and put the money into state banks that became known as "pet banks." He thought the money would be more helpful to the ordinary people if it were available on a state level. I- Indian Removal Act of 1830. Congress passed this law that required five Native-American tribes to relocate from their homelands in the southeastern part of the United States to the land that is present-day Oklahoma. When Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, it became law. The five Native-American Tribes continued to march to their new home, with their U.S. Army escort, throughout the entire period of Andrew Jackson's administration, and even into the next president's administration. T- Tariff of 1832 or the "Tariff of Abominations." The North supported the tariff because it gave the federal government more money to invest in transportation systems that helped the businesses that were located in the North. The South did not support the Tariff of 1832 for two reasons. First, Southerners saw the money from the tariff financing the transportation improvements for the North. The South did not need new roads, railroads, and canals because they used the rivers to transport their cotton. Second, the South traded cotton for products from Great Britain. Southerners felt they were being punished because they would be required to pay more for the large number of products they imported. The South threatened to secede over this tariff issue. S- "Spoils System" that Andrew Jackson promoted. He dedicated himself to elevating the ordinary man in society. He wanted everyone to benefit from living in America, and he thought that, as president, he could help the ordinary person. Therefore, he rewarded his voters with political favors, which were often government jobs.

KEY TERMS
Jacksonian Democracy- period of Andrew Jackson's administration when the laws favored ordinary Americans and ordinary Americans held political power. Second Bank of the United States- bank used by federal government and big businesses; chartered by Congress every 20 years; Andrew Jackson vetoed the charter for a Second Bank of the United States that Congress approved. John C. Calhoun- Vice President of the United States under Andrew Jackson who resigned over the nullification crisis. nullify- to declare that a state is not required to obey a federal law because it is unconstitutional. interchangeable parts- the concept that quantities of one type of product are made with identical parts so they can be made and repaired quickly and easily. Trail of Tears- forced march of 16,000 Cherokee from their homeland in Georgia to the present-day state of Oklahoma; 4,000 died on the journey; President Van Buren carried out the Indian Removal Act of 1830 in the winter of 1838-39. Sequoya- Native American member of the Cherokee tribe who put oral Cherokee...
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