Sociology

Topics: Education, Higher education, High school Pages: 31 (7814 words) Published: July 1, 2014
WHAT EFFECTS DO SCHOOLS HAVE ON INDIVIDUALS
AND THE SOCIETY AS A WHOLE?

Joseph Rainier C. Arriola
Student, CPTE Summer 2014, Sociology of Education, Bulacan State University

A school is an institution for learning such that when we talk about school, we apply the term to mean education. Education, if looked at beyond its conventional boundaries, forms the very essence of all our actions. What we do is what we know and have learned, either through instructions or through observation and assimilation. 1 Most countries have its own system of education. In these systems, students’ progress through a series of schools. The names for these schools vary by country but generally include primary school for young children and secondary school for teenagers who have completed primary education. An institution where higher education is taught, is commonly called a university college. University, vocational school, college or seminary may be available after secondary school. A school may also be dedicated to one particular field, such as a school of economics or a school of dance. Alternative schools may provide nontraditional curriculum and methods. There are also non-government schools, called private schools. Other private schools can also be religious, such as Christian schools, hawzas, yeshivas, and others; or schools that have a higher standard of education or seek to foster other personal achievements. Schools for adults include institutions of corporate training, Military education and training and business schools. Looking at the variations on approaches which each of the different schools implement and depending on how they carry out the curriculum for specific degree or course, the funding source and vision it has for itself and its students, the atmosphere and discipline imposed to carry out the goals of education in the respective schools give us an idea of how these conditions may affect an individual in relation to his personal circumstances contributed and managed within his own environment. Students invest considerable time and energy, in addition to dollars, into building their futures through education. The prospect of wider opportunities and a high standard of living leads families to save in advance, sacrifice current consumption opportunities, and go into debt in order to enable their children to continue their education after high school. (Baum and Payea, 2004, Benefits of Higher Education for Individuals and Society, Education Pays Series 2004). In this context, school is used to mean education and learning achieved by individuals, usually beyond the ordinary literacy capabilities to read and write but all other literacies usually provided by higher level of education which include the following: 1. Functional literacy: The level of literacy required to get along successfully on a day-to-day basis. 2. Cultural Literacy: the ability to understand and appreciate the similarities and differences in the customs, values, and beliefs of one's own culture and the cultures of others. 3. Multicultural Literacy: A knowledge of cultures and languages, as well as the ways in which multi-sensory data (text, sound, and graphics) may introduce slant, perspective, and bias into language, subject matter, and visual content. 4. Information Literacy: The ability to know when there is a need for information, to be able to identify, locate, evaluate, and effectively use that information for the issue or problem at hand. 5. Media Literacy: This pertains to an informed, critical understanding of the mass media. 6. Biliteracy: Knowing how to read in two or more languages. 7. Visual Literacy: Based on the idea that visual images are a language, visual literacy can be defined as the ability to understand and produce visual messages. 8. Computer Literacy: The ability to use a computer and its software to accomplish practical tasks. 9. Mathematical Literacy or Numeracy: refers to a mastery of the basic symbols and processes...


Bibliography: Reeves, Douglas B., Crusade in the Classroom, 2001
Sylvester, A
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