Although there are many children that start nursery, attending play groups, or interacting and playing with other children whilst being looked after by child-minders at a very young age, there are other that don’t. In England, the government entitles and provides 3 and 4 year old children with a free part time early years education of up to 12.5 hours per week for 38 weeks of the year as part of the Every Child Matters agenda and the Childcare Act 2006, in order to support families and very young children’s learning before reaching school age. The early years education is based on learning through play following the EYFS (Early Years Foundation Stage ) framework.
1.3 Explain the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stage(s) and school governance. Community schools, Foundation and Trust schools, Voluntary schools, and Specialists schools are the four main types of schools in relation to educational stage(s) and school governance. These are known as maintained schools, they are funded by local authorities and they have to follow the National Curriculum. Here are some characteristics of each of these schools:
Community schools: The local authorities own and run them. They determine the admissions policy and provide with support services which also help these schools through looking to develop links with the local community as well as develop the use of school’s facilities by sometimes providing with adult education or childcare classes delivered by local groups.
Voluntary schools: There are two types of voluntary schools; voluntary-aided and voluntary-controlled. They are both mainly religious or “faith” schools and are owned by a religious organisation or charity. The voluntary-controlled schools are run and funded by the local authority which also provides support services. The voluntary-aided schools are run by their own governing body and are