Summarise entitlement and provision for early year’s education. Thanks to the Every Child Matters and the Childcare Act 2006 all 3 and 4 years olds in England receive free part-time (12 ½ per week) for 38 weeks a year. This is government funded and the idea is for all children to have 2 years of free education before they even start school. Early year’s provision for these very young children varies greatly from the education they will receive in KS1 as it is play focused as opposed to formal learning, which is how these very young children learn best. The Foundation Curriculum in England and Wales runs from age 3-5 and is therefore implemented in nursery schools right up to the end of the autumn term in Year 1. It focuses on specific tasks, for example number work, language or writing activities, and the children work alongside adults who help to underpin their knowledge. The children and also encouraged to choose activities for themselves to increase confidence and independent learning.
Explain the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stages and school governance. There are four main types of mainstream state schools known as ‘Maintained Schools’ which are all funded by the local authorities and all have to follow the National Curriculum.
Community schools are owned and run by local authorities who support schools and make links to the local community and provide support services. They tend to determine admissions and may develop the use of school facilities by local groups such as adult learning or childcare classes. Foundation and trust schools are run by their own governing body and determine admissions in conjunction with the Local Education Authority. The school and grounds will be owned by the governing body or a charitable organisation. Trust schools form charitable trusts with an outside partner, usually a business and will