Russian Civil War
The Russian Civil War (November 1917 – October 1922) was a multiparty war in the former Russian Empire fought between the Bolshevik Red Army and the White Army, the loosely allied antiBolshevik forces. Many foreign armies warred against the Red Army, notably the Allied Forces and the proGerman armies. The Red Army defeated the White Armed Forces of South Russia in Ukraine and the army led by Aleksandr Kolchak in Siberia in 1919. The remains of the White forces commanded by Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel were beaten in the Crimea and were evacuated in the autumn of 1920. Many proindependence movements emerged after the breakup of the Russian Empire and fought in the war. A number of them – Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland – were established as sovereign states. The rest of the former Russian Empire was consolidated into the Soviet Union shortly afterwards. For events on the territory of modern Ukraine view also Ukrainian–Soviet War.
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