The Fugitive Slave Act was an immediate cause of the Civil War. It was passed by the United States Congress as part of The Compromise of 1850. In this compromise, the North advocates gained the admission of California and the South had no states ready for admission. Therefore, the South was given stricter laws against slavery. The Fugitive Slave Act was introduced as a way to limit slavery. It declared that all runaway slaves must be returned back to their masters immediately. Although the government thought this act would be beneficial, it actually ended up bringing the United States closer to a Civil War. The act was truly controversial because it forced the North to return runaway slaves back to the South, causing them in a way to support an issue they do not believe in. More and more abolitionists were refusing to comply with the law causing them to be arrested and imprisoned. Anti-slavery sediments were spreading everywhere, bringing the United States one step closer to a Civil War.
The Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed in 1854, repealing the Missouri Compromise and getting rid of the 36-30 parallel which determined the dividing line for slavery.