The North was industrialized and had many factories. It also included railroad tracks of more than 20,000 miles. The railroad transferred settlers, manufactured goods, wheat, and raw materials. On the other hand, the South was very agricultural, consisted of many plantations and small farms. The North was far more advanced in the technological field. Because of its industrial environment, most immigrants settled in the North. As a result, the North's population grew much faster. Only a small number of immigrants settled in the South because there were not enough jobs available due to slavery. These differences show that the North and the South were not united even before the Civil War. Also the The North and South were seeing total different views on the issue of slavery. The North saw slavery as immoral and that it was unconstitutional. The south on the other hand saw slavery as their right. The South viewed African Americans as lower human beings which justified slavery. "The 1850's was a time of attempted compromise when compromise was no longer possible." This quote best describes this time period, because Americans were trying to compromise their views to prevent a large conflict, but there were many events which made a compromise impossible.
The Fugitive Slave Act was part of the Compromise of 1850. This act required that authorities in the North had to assist southern slave catchers to retrieve and return slaves to their owners. Southerners favored this act because they saw no slavery in the territories to the west, by the