Rome vs. Han China

Good Essays
Han China Vs. Imperial Rome

The Han Dynasty and Imperial Rome were both large and powerful empires that existed during the Classical Period. The Han Dynasty and Imperial Rome had some major similarities as well as differences. The Han Dynasty had a similar government system as Imperial Rome, the empires’ governments made the same mistakes that led to similar declines; however the government’s involvement and view on trade was different between these two empires.
Both the Han Dynasty and Imperial Rome were monarchies. They had emperors that had absolute power. In addition, both emperors appointed officials to help them rule their land. This system of government is called a bureaucracy. The emperors of Han China claimed to have divine right to rule just like the Roman emperors. Both emperors used this divine right to rule to get their peoples support, after all if the emperor had divine right to rule and you didn’t support the emperor, then you would be going against god. Another similarity between the Han Dynasty and Imperial Rome was that both emperors of each empire were able to carry out huge public works projects. These emperors were able to do so because the two empires had similar government systems, monarchy, thus the emperors had absolute power and could force their people to build these public works. Just like the Romans the Han built canals and roads, however unlike the Romans, the Han improved upon their great wall and did not develop aqueducts. Both the Han Dynasty and Imperial Rome had this similar government because their politicians wanted to have absolute power and supported the monarchy system.
Imperial Rome’s and The Han dynasty’s governments also made similar mistakes which led to similar declines. Since both government systems were monarchies, the emperors had absolute power. Although some Emperors from both empires made huge improvements to their respective empires, some emperors from both empires made critical mistakes. Also, in both

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Imperial administration in Imperial Rome from 31 B.C.E. to 476 C.E and Han China from 206 B.C.E to 220 C.E. had both their similarities and differences. Similarities include general idea of equality, living under one ruler who gives the people some control, and the roles of families. One major difference is the method of political control with religion, and the way their leaders were selected.…

    • 386 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Both the Han dynasty and the Roman Empire were bureaucratic. The central rulers all eventually became hereditary and both empires had rulers that oppressed the peasants in order to boost political control. However, the two empires differ in that the emperors had varying justifications for ruling and rose to power in different ways.…

    • 808 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The ancient civilizations of Rome and Han China shared both similarities and differences in their social, political and economical views.…

    • 492 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    During the classical period, many civilizations and large land bases were formed. Of these many civilizations, two main ones were Han China and Imperial Rome. Although Han China and Imperial Rome both had similar government structures and trading systems, they both had two very different militaries.…

    • 394 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Han China was one of the longest dynasties in Chinese history, however, the Imperial Roman empire lasted even longer. Han China and Imperial Rome share many similarities as well as many differences. Although Han China and Imperial Rome had many similarities (patriarchy, expansion), the differences (recruitment, system of who is in authority) in methods of political control outweigh the similarities because of they had little interaction with each other.…

    • 720 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Han China (206 B.C.E. – 220 C.E.) and Imperial Rome (31 B.C.E. – 476 C.E.) have some similarities and differences such as in foundation, governmental control, and collapse. These factors either helped their empire or weakened them influencing their fall.…

    • 644 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The roman and Han Empire were different in their political and governmental control through the use of the monarchy and the republic system. The monarchy of the Han Empire was a method of political control because it really strengthened the power of the government to really crackdown on the citizens to make sure that there were no protests or any riots. This control also showed the kinds of beliefs that they had in Han China. Also another type of political control that they used was the filial piety. Filial piety is the respect for your father and elders. This kept the people in check because they had to respect all their elders and the people that were above them. In the Roman Empire the republic method was more based on keeping the society happy then using political authority power. They would hold bread circuses and different events such as the gladiatorial games to keep them happy and prevent riots. The effectiveness of the system in Rome is demonstrated by the explosion of art, giving credit to people that…

    • 497 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Collapse of Rome and Han

    • 308 Words
    • 2 Pages

    There are many major similarities of the collapse are Rome and the Han empire such as they were both invaded by foreign enemies, the corruption of the governments, and the weak leaders. There are also many differences between the collapse of the Roman and Han empires such as, the Roman empire fell because of Germanic invasions, and the Civil Wars. The Han empire fell because, power was not held by the central government, and uprisings of desperate peasants.…

    • 308 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Han and Roman Empire

    • 778 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The Roman Empire existed between 31 B.C.E to 476 C.E. and the Han Dynasty occurred 202 B.C.E. to 220 C.E. They existed at same times but were on opposite ends of Eurasia. They both had regions that were ruled by either kings, viceroys or governors in the name of the emperor. They were both similar in slavery, government, and their downfall. They also had their differences in religion, military, and center of power.…

    • 778 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    China And Rome Dbq Essay

    • 716 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The Han Dynasty and Roman Empire both expanded their boundaries to the point where many thought they would be impossible to defeat. Regardless of that power, both empires had very devastating falls. Though they were both very different societies, China having a centralized bureaucracy, and Rome having a rule based on laws and private authorities, like many empires, many aspects of their defeat are similar. Some of the ideas contributing to this fall was the stress on military, the high taxes placed on citizens, and the religions of each empire.…

    • 716 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    There was a myriad of factors that led to the collapse of classical China and Rome including: different types of political decay, large impersonal forces, and cultural factors.…

    • 455 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The Methods of political control used in Han China (206 B.C.E. – 220 C.E.) were similar to that of Imperial Rome (31 B.C.E. – 476 C.E.) in that both empires sought imperial expansion and the centralization of government. However, these societies greatly differed on their opposition to governing and the techniques used in maintaining control over their citizens.…

    • 419 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Most societies that developed in ancient civilizations were centered around some form of imperial administration and Imperial Rome (31 B.C.E.-476 C.E.) and Han China (206 B.C.E.-220 C.E.) were no different in this sense. Both civilizations had a network of cities and roads, with similar technologies that catalyzed cultural amalgamation and upgraded the standard of living, along with comparable organizational structures. Additionally, both civilizations had problems managing their borders and used similar tactics for defense. However, the Chinese Emperor was interpreted as a God while the Roman Emperor was a lugal, or big man, who had to fight not only to gain power, but to push through his initiatives. The similarities and differences of the control and management of both regions may be attributed to the philosophical ideas and belief systems that existed at the time, influencing political structure in similar ways with only a few minor differences that set the two cultures apart.…

    • 957 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Consolidating the Roman and Chinese Empires 1. both empires defined themselves in universal terms 2. both invested heavily in public works 3. both claimed supernatural sanctions a. deceased Roman emperors as gods (imperial cult) i. persecution of Christians for nonparticipation in cult b. Chinese emperor as Son of Heaven i. rule by Mandate of Heaven ii. dependent on just rule iii. heavy ritual duties to maintain relationship between earth and heaven iv. moral government spelled out by writings of Confucius and his followers The Han Dynasty was heir to the Qin state that had unified China in 221 BCE. The first ruler of the Qin established the title of “emperor.” The power of a Chinese emperor was absolute; however, he was subject to various checks on his authority by both high officials and imperial family members. The Romans practiced emperor worship solely in the case of dead emperors. In addition, only certain emperors were accorded divine honors, and always after death. In other parts of the Empire, however, local customs merged with Roman ones. In Egypt, for instance, emperor worship was practiced more widely. This was because the Roman office of emperor combined with the Egyptian notion as Pharaohas-sun-god. Chinese emperors were not considered divine beings. The emperor was called the “Son of Heaven” and was responsible for conducting sacrifices to both Heaven and Earth. The word “Heaven” referred more or less to what we would call “nature”: the succession of day and night, and the motions of the stars and planets. During the first millennium BCE, the concept of the “Mandate of Heaven” was applied. If an emperor oppressed the people, Heaven could withdraw a dynasty’s right to govern.…

    • 3046 Words
    • 13 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Between Han China in 206 BCE- 220 CE and Imperial Rome in 31 BCE-476 CE they had many similarities and differences about political control. The key similarities being how they both had one ruler, and passing on titles; the key differences being how Rome was slightly more democratic than China and how the Roman Church had more power.…

    • 461 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays