The Han Dynasty and Imperial Rome were both large and powerful empires that existed during the Classical Period. The Han Dynasty and Imperial Rome had some major similarities as well as differences. The Han Dynasty had a similar government system as Imperial Rome, the empires’ governments made the same mistakes that led to similar declines; however the government’s involvement and view on trade was different between these two empires.
Both the Han Dynasty and Imperial Rome were monarchies. They had emperors that had absolute power. In addition, both emperors appointed officials to help them rule their land. This system of government is called a bureaucracy. The emperors of Han China claimed to have divine right to rule just like the Roman emperors. Both emperors used this divine right to rule to get their peoples support, after all if the emperor had divine right to rule and you didn’t support the emperor, then you would be going against god. Another similarity between the Han Dynasty and Imperial Rome was that both emperors of each empire were able to carry out huge public works projects. These emperors were able to do so because the two empires had similar government systems, monarchy, thus the emperors had absolute power and could force their people to build these public works. Just like the Romans the Han built canals and roads, however unlike the Romans, the Han improved upon their great wall and did not develop aqueducts. Both the Han Dynasty and Imperial Rome had this similar government because their politicians wanted to have absolute power and supported the monarchy system.
Imperial Rome’s and The Han dynasty’s governments also made similar mistakes which led to similar declines. Since both government systems were monarchies, the emperors had absolute power. Although some Emperors from both empires made huge improvements to their respective empires, some emperors from both empires made critical mistakes. Also, in both