China And Rome Dbq Essay

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Quarter Two DBQ: The Fall of Empires The Han Dynasty and Roman Empire both expanded their boundaries to the point where many thought they would be impossible to defeat. Regardless of that power, both empires had very devastating falls. Though they were both very different societies, China having a centralized bureaucracy, and Rome having a rule based on laws and private authorities, like many empires, many aspects of their defeat are similar. Some of the ideas contributing to this fall was the stress on military, the high taxes placed on citizens, and the religions of each empire.
One of the reason of the fall of both China and Rome was the stress both civilizations put on military. China was insistent upon having a powerful military, but
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The people of Rome began to follow Christianity, a religion in which some of the morals were for everyone to be peaceful and kind. These morals encouraged the citizens of Rome not to join the army because they believed they should instead focus on religion and giving their money to the church, another feature that Christianity encouraged of followers (Document 6). In China, the government began to support Buddhism, though little did they know that this would lead to their downfall. Buddha was known for abandoning all rule and his parents to reach enlightenment. This went against all Chinese morals of respect for one’s parents; instead this encouraged one to be on their own, not pay taxes, and abandon one’s family (Document 4). Though both the Chinese and Roman Empires were huge, wealthy, and powerful, they both had tragic falls. China was destroyed by nomadic invaders, a lack of army, and the influence of Buddhism. Rome, on the other hand was ruined by attacks by other civilizations, the loss of productive members of society, and the influence of Christianity. Both empires suffered from similar ideas, such as religion, or a lack of military, but each idea impacted them in different ways. Though the Chinese and Roman Empire were truly remarkable, like many other ancient empires, they had a devastating

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