Policing aroused in the 1800's; over 200 years ago it all started with a man on foot patrolling with no experience or legal weapons in hand to provide security to others. The average officer had little education and no training or experience; that was also not in the best of health. In the 1900's, the average officer had a high school education and was predominantly male. Adhering to a police manual, the officers did not have laws in place for inappropriate conduct. The officers did not have to worry about disciplinary actions against them because there were no Court Rulings in place. It was unheard of for a woman to be an officer during this time.
The English Heritage is the foundation of the American policing formation. There are three elements enlisted which are, the authority of a police officer, centralized law enforcement agencies and consequences of local control. Setting limits on the authority of an officer is crucial to maintain the upmost respect from the citizens of the community. Centralizing law enforcement agencies helped control local agencies. For example, the LAPD is a large business because of its size more manpower was in need. In smaller areas or rural areas the need is of a smaller business. The reasoning of local control is to divide the counties among the communities.
The founding father and political leader of policing in England was Robert Peel. Robert believed in prevention, in order to decrease crime rates crime must be prevented. Peel was a part of establishing the first modern police station known as the London Metropolitan Police. Before this establishment was created, most crimes where already committed Peel's motive was to prevent the crimes. Peel's tactic was prevention to stop violence before it occurred. In order to deter crime, the officers needed to be uniformed to establish authority being present. A uniformed force was the idea Peel presented which he thought would be best since the armed forces were...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document