The History of the American System of Policing

Topics: Police, Sheriff, Constable Pages: 4 (726 words) Published: April 28, 2015


The History of Policing
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CJA/214
October 04, 2013
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The History of Policing
The American system of policing today is distinctive and remains as one of the most advanced on earth. Sir Robert Peel is the “father” of modern policing. Peel formed the London Metropolitan Police also known as the Bobbies. His genius ideas formed the core elements involving strategy, mission, and organizational structure of the police. Their mission was crime prevention that suggested the practical thinking that it is better to prevent the crime from happening than to respond to it after it happened. Peel established principles that police officers followed and still applicable in today’s civilization. Some examples are the police presence in preventing crime and disorder. Earning the trust of the public and still be able to secure and preserve the respect of the public. Producing unbiased service to the law and the use of physical force to the extent necessary to restore order. Preserving a good connection with the public in the awareness of community safety and presence. Police should always direct their action strictly toward their job and never appear to take the authorities of the judiciary. The effectiveness of the police resulted in the absence of crime and disorder. The principles of Robert Peel ensure that law enforcers serve the people and neighborhoods to the best of their capability. These principles placed the foundation for modern policing in the United States. In 2012, the number of state and local police agencies were 17,985 throughout the United States. The U.S. government takes policing to a political level, where most ethical procedures do not matter much. It is a bit different with police departments, though each department may run some things differently, most follow a pattern and usually conform to other departments from other states. Some services the police provide are protection of public officials; respond to...

References: Grant, H. B., & Terry, K. J. (2012). EBOOK COLLECTION: Law Enforcement in the 21st Century (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.
U.S. Department of Justice, Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies. (2008). Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law_enforcement_in_the_United_States
Walker, S., & Katz, C. M. (2011). EBOOK COLLECTION: The Police in America: An Introduction (7th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill.
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