January 29, 2013
The concept of policing, based on English policing systems, brought to America by the earliest English colonists. Over time, the law enforcement system had changes, as a result titles, credentials, and responsibilities had major differences within the legal system. Looking into police history, it will determine how the law enforcement comes into place. Identifying and describing the impact of Sir Robert Peel on American policing. Analyze the relationship between the United States Government and the entire policing organizations throughout the United States and explain how this relationship may affect police practices.
Sir Robert Peel’s impact on American Policing
Robert Peel is known as the father of modern policing. For over 30 years he fought to improve law enforcement in England. In the early 1900s industrialization and urbanization had an impact to the fall of the old law enforcement system. As a result, London was suffering from poverty, disorder, ethnic conflict, and crime. In 1829, Robert Peel was able to persuade Parliament to create the London Metropolitan Police, Recognizing it as the first modern police (Walker & Katz, 2011). Now the mission of the new police is crime prevention. He is also responsible in implementing a strategy to have a preventive patrol. The idea is set to maintain a presence of the police throughout the community. The police operations are borrowed from the organizational structure of the military. It includes uniform, organizational hierarchy, designation of ranks, and a system of command and discipline. Until today the American police administration still carries this style.
The relationship between the U.S. government and the policing organizations
In the United States, police system does not exist. Federal agency is not responsible in supervising local agencies but there are some minimum standards that are required by