Police and National Crime Information

Topics: Police, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Law enforcement agency Pages: 6 (1588 words) Published: November 2, 2014
CRJ 120 MOD 1 HW

CRJ 120 MOD 1 HW
Jerry Irvin
Allied American University
Prof. Barbella
10/16/2014

Author Note
This paper was prepared for CRJ 120, MOD 1 HW taught by Prof. Barbella.

PART I: SHORT RESPONSE

Directions: Please answer each of the following questions. Ensure that your responses are at least 1-2 paragraphs in length for each question. You may include examples from the text; however, please include APA citations as necessary. Please visit the Academic Resource Center for a concise guide on APA format.

1.Describe the colonial period’s three legacies to contemporary policing. Then list and discuss two powerful trends in England and America that brought about changes in policing in both countries.

First, the colonists committed themselves to local policing. Second, the colonists reinforced that commitment by creating a theory of government called republicanism. Finally, the colonial period witnessed the onset of the theory of crime prevention. Two powerful trends in England and America brought great changes in policing in both countries in the early and mid-nineteenth century. The first being urbanization, and the second was industrialization.

2.List and describe major characteristics of the three eras of policing.

The three eras are: The political era, the reform era, and the community era. The political era was between 1840 and 1930 in which police had close ties with politicians, and there was an emphasis on making politicians happy. The reform era was from 1930-1970 it began the professional crime fighting, and police focused more on arrests. The community problem-solving era started 1970- to current, it started a partnership between police and communities.

3.Describe August Vollmer's contributions to policing.

August Vollmer introduced several innovative achievements in the area of police professionalism such as a code of ethics, and the requirement for higher education and specialized training, among others.

4.Discuss how Peel's “principles" of policing are relevant to today's police practices.

These nine principles are also called “The Peelian Principles.” They are in direct connection to modern policing, but the nine principles are cited as the basic foundation for current law enforcement organizations and community policing throughout the world.

5.Explain the 1829 "Metropolitan Police Act," and what it provided to the history of policing.

England’s Metropolitan Police Act of 1829 resulted in a new police force and law enforcement practices that were revolutionary in the history of law enforcement. Peel drafted and introduced the Police Act in response to serious crime problems and social disorder in London in the early 1800s, and in doing so, he had to delicately balance the strong historical sense of English personal liberty with the need to prevent crime and enforce the criminal laws. Peel’s Principles, had an important historic effect on policing in America and, community policing as it was conceived and as we know it today.

6.Explain the contributions that were made to professional policing by William Parker.

Parker molded an image of a tough, competent, polite, and effective crime fighter by controlling recruitment. During the 1950s, this image made the LAPD the model for reform across the nation, thus marking the 1950s as a turning point in the history of professionalism.

7.Describe how policing was returned to its roots by the President's Crime Commission.

The President’s Crime Commission was charged by President Lyndon Johnson to find solutions to America’s internal crime problems, including the root causes of crime, the workings of the justice system, and the hostile, antagonistic relations between the police and civilians.

8.Examine how the struggle for civil rights affected the police-community relationship.

The civil rights movement during the late 1960s and 1970s, pitted the nation’s...
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