Since the early 17th century, the English migrated to America for a variety of reasons. The promise of treasure, religious tolerance, and plentiful lands, lured gold-seekers, Puritans, Protestants, unemployed farmers, indentured servants, and younger sons (who had fallen victim to laws of primogeniture), to the land mistakenly named the Indies. English migration to the Chesapeake region spread over nearly a century, whereas voyagers to New England arrived within a single decade. One would think that since the English settled both of these regions, both of their societies would develop quite similarly, but one could not be more wrong. The variations of the societies that developed in the Chesapeake region and the New England region occurred because the settlers had different motivations pertaining to their journeys, contrasting family ties, and diverse geological situations.
In 1606, the main attraction to the "New World" was the promise of gold (combined with a strong desire to find a passage through America to the Indies). In 1607, England planted their first successful settlement, Jamestown, and thereby created the colony of Virginia, the first of the Chesapeake region. Captain John Smith, in 1624, once described his experiences on his journey to Virginia and that the worst people among him were the gold-seekers. Ten years after John Smith's voyage, Lord Baltimore, a man of a prominent English Catholic family founded Virginia's sister colony, Maryland. He had embarked on the journey partly to gain financial profits and partly to create a refuge for his fellow Catholics, who at the time were being persecuted by the Protestants of England. Around the same time, thousands of English families migrated to New England for religious purposes. Connecticut and New Hampshire were settled as religious havens. As was Rhode Island, but Rhode Island served as a "sewer" that held "all the Lord's debris" which translates to a safe haven for all of those who had been...
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