Running head: THE CHALLENGES OF ETHNIC DIVERSITY
The Challenges of Ethnic Diversity: Is Multiculturalism Successful in Sweden?
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Multiculturalism is a diverse body of knowledge which can still be recognized as a philosophy. Ethnic diversity is one of the crucial concerns in nations across the globe. Culture forms what people do, the manner things are done, and the manner people appreciate what others do. Ethnicity is associated with the prevalence of multiculturalism. Diminished to something eternal, ethnicity is associated with the immigrant cultures and tradition-bound immigrants. In Europe, the word ‘multiculturalism’ has no permanent definition, either in scholarly and cultural discourse, or in daily political debate. This paper seeks to determine success of multiculturalism in Sweden.
Multiculturalism is a diverse body of knowledge which can still be recognized as a philosophy (Ellingson, 2009). Multiculturalism is distinguished as a commemoration of ethnocultural diversity, encouraging people to recognize and accept the panoply of traditions, customs, cuisine, and music that is present in a multiethnic community (Kimlycka, 2012). Ethnic diversity is one of the crucial concerns in nations across the globe. Such diversity is the result of the augmenting influx of global factors, goods, as well as knowledge which promoted the global interfaces and collaborations happening within an increasingly varied number of individuals. As globalization increased, the conventional unicultural labor segment has slowly weakened into obscurity. As demographic shifts and technological innovations have now changed the economic landscape in which organizations manage business, globalization has in the same way impacted the current diversified society. Culture forms what people do, the manner things are done, and the manner people appreciate what others do. Culture dictates that the directions of people’s lives are not merely recognized by individual determination or even individual power. Human beings are formed by long-term methods of transformation and by arrangements such as gender, class, ethnicity, religion, and so forth. Culture makes up the language, cuisine, language, social habits, arts, religion, and music of a group of individuals living together in the same place. Multiculturalism has become extensive in everyday as well as institutional settings in Europe (Alund, 1998). Ethnicity is associated with the prevalence of multiculturalism. Diminished to something eternal, ethnicity is associated with the immigrant cultures and tradition-bound immigrants. Thus, immigrants are recognized as deviant and are linked with discrimination and segregation in every social sphere such as work and housing, education and child care, health care and social services (Alund, 1998). The emphasis on ethnic and cultural differences forms ethnically defined groups as well as distinct social positions. The collection appropriation develops on and reinforces a hierarchical dichotomy between Swedish and ethnic, modern and conventional (Alund, 1998). The idea of integration is related to modernization or development. Cultural diversity is associated with ethnocentric manner to a superior Swedish culture, thereby signifying a natural order.1 Multiculturalism has recently declined at the level of policy and theory (Christensen, 2012). In Europe, the word ‘multiculturalism’ has no permanent definition, either in scholarly and cultural discourse, or in daily political debate (Runblom, 1994). Multiculturalism is often employed to refer to an event characterized by a number of cultures, ethnic groups, languages and religions. However, the term likewise has a normative purpose. In this regard it pertains to an ideal event of diplomatic coexistence among groups or individuals of different...
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