"European Union" Essays and Research Papers

European Union

After reading John Pinder’s book, “The European Union, A Very Short Introduction,” it provides a brief and concise summary of the history of the European Union. It covers events dealing with politics, the environment, agriculture, policies and the Euro, dating from its beginnings in 1940’s until 2000, when the book was published. Although Pinder appears to be pro EU, he does an exceptional job of overviewing the institutions and policies of the European Union that helps his audience of average citizens...

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European Union

I. General Information 1. What are the goals of the European Union (EU) and what is its total membership? Briefly discuss one of the financial issues under discussion. Answer: * The primary function of the European Union was to unify nations which were crippled from World War II. The E.U. also aims to bring together countries who are financially interdependent on each other. * The European Union is currently made up of 27 member nations. * Aim to reduce roughly...

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Pros and Cons of the European Union

Pros and Cons of the European Union Do you think it is useful to join into a union especially the European Union to strengthen their economic positions? The question could be simple to answer but an individual must look much deeper into the situation. For instance, what are the pros and cons of joining a union? The European Union has many pros but also many cons. The European Union was formed in February 1992 with the signing of the Maastricht Treaty. It consist of originally twelve members...

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European Union Paper

European Union Paper MGT 448 Instructor Introduction The European Union is made up of several democratic European countries. These countries are committed to working together to promote peace and prosperity. The countries who are involved with the EU have set up common institutions so they can delegate their ideas to decisions that are made on specific issues. This makes these decisions so that the EU stays on a democratic level. European Union leaders have pledged to make the...

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NAFTA AND EUROPEAN UNION The NAFTA and the European Union comprising 27 countries constitute the largest trading blocs in the world. In 2008, the value of exports of goods and services from the European Union to the NAFTA region amounted to 450.2 billion Euros while the value of imports of goods and services to the European Union from the NAFTA bloc amounted to 362.1 billion Euros. For Canada the European Union is the second most important trade partner. In 2008, the exports of goods and services...

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Acme: Euro and European Union

to present a proposal to the steering committee comparing the advantages and disadvantages of starting operations in one of two selected foreign countries. The steering committee has determined that one alternative must be a member of the European Union (EU) while the other cannot be a member of the EU. Subject to these conditions, you may choose any two foreign countries, except China, Czech Republic, and Romania for comparison. Deliverable: There are many factors to consider in your comparative...

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İS globalization Treat or Opportunity for European Union

and Sharing same world wihtout any borders or lines .It seems utopia of course same languange among these ımpossible things which couldnt achive .Yet there are too many scenarios in stage.North Atlantic-pacific Organization,United Nations,European Union these organizatons promised to members where some of economic ,political,social,safety manners.Although Organizations took first step for unification in Globe.Globalization has been planing since 1865.İn 1800 Germany ,France and England tried...

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European Union and Turkey

the European Union The European Union is political and economic union that consists of 28 member states located primarily on the European continent. The process of forming the European Union has a long history. Through the history, the European Union has to undergone some expansions which were each of them, separately, discussed and also followed by some policies. While the European Union still expanding its borders, there is a question, about the size of the union, which...

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European union funds

 1)Hi! My topic today is European union funds and I would like to tell you something more about this topic. 2)There is a structure of my presentation and lets start by vocabulary. 3)There are the most important words from this presentation The Structural Fund = Strukturální fond The Cohesion Fund = Kohézní fond European Regional Development Fund = Evropský fond pro regionální rozvoj European Social Fund = Evropský sociální fond Regional competitiveness = Regionální konkurenceschopnost ...

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The European Union Foreign Relations Challenges in the Year 2012

The European Union foreign relations challenges in the year 2012 2012 context: In the year 2012, the EU had 27 members and had 61 years of history behind (if we consider its beginnings to be rooted in the European Coal and Steel Community or 19 years since the Maastricht treaty which formally created the European Union. Aside from the 27 official members, Croatia is expected to become a member this year, on the 1st of July, There are five candidate countries: Iceland, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey...

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European Union

state European construct DEF.->EU family of liberal-democratic countries, acting collectively through an institutionalized system of decision-making. > Joining members agree to EU treaties, legislation, norms, shared values(democracy/human rights etc.) > 28 member states, + 500 million people > Hybrid international organization+ state - EU institutions= > The commission, Parliament, Council, Courts, European Council(defines general political direction+priorities/own president), European Central...

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Ukraine as a ‘Bridge’ Between Russia and European Union

future of Ukraine in economical, political and religious directions. When Ukraine was a part of Soviet Union, there was a totalitarian control, which didn’t allow those differences to appear, but the formation of an independent Ukraine in 1991 made it possible. Conclusion of these points could be seen: Western part is for national development and moving in direction to EU (in other words pro-European) and Eastern part will remain the same – moving in direction of Russia (or in other words pro-Russian)...

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Trade Relationship between the European Union and Russia

Slide 3-4 The European Union and Russia have a strong trade relationship. Bilateral trade and investments continue to grow rapidly. Since 1997 the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement has been the framework of the EU-Russia relations, regulating the political and economic relations between the EU and Russia. One of the main objectives of this agreement is the promotion of trade and investment as well as the development of harmonious economic relations between the EU and Russia. EU imports from...

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Critically discuss whether Germany or Greece should leave the European Union.

Critically discuss whether Germany or Greece should leave the European Union. In the very first part of my assignment I will briefly introduce you to the history of the European Union, and then in a few words I will observe the pros and cons for the EU. In the main section of my coursework I will critically discuss whether Germany or Greece should leave the EU.As a conclusion, I will try to draw everything together and briefly sum up my arguments. After the World War II the countries in Europe...

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compare and contrast the predominant cultural characteristics of the U.S. with those of the European Union

This essay will discuss how the cultural domains of Religion, Ethnicity/Nationalism, Development and Geography (REND-G) compare and contrast the predominant cultural characteristics of the U.S. with those of the European Union. Specifically, we will discuss how the different characteristics of Religion manifests in the way the U.S. and Europe deal with security concerns. Searching for a new beginning and seeking religious freedom, early Pilgrims travelled to the New World (America)...

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European Crisis

Pols 170 29 April 2013 The European Crisis The article “Euro Crisis” explains in the detail the current economic problems that the European Union is struggling with. The article references highly educated professors and economists who help to explain some of the reasons why the European Union fell into this crisis. They also helped explain the possible outcomes of the recession in Europe, the way it affects the United States, and what actions should be taken in order to improve the current situation...

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a family of democratic European countries, committed to working together for peace and prosperity. It is not a state intended to replace existing states, but it is more than any other international organization. The EU is, in fact, unique. Its member states have set up common institutions to which they delegate some of their sovereignty so that decisions on specific matters of joint interest can be made democratically at European level. This pooling of sovereignty is also...

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Have European Union Policies Helped the Developing Countries to Deve

section covers the far-reaching effects of internal EU policy on the developing world, touching briefly on the implications of the Common Agricultural Policy before analysing the effects (both realised and potential) of widening and deepening the Union in terms of the developing countries. I hope to demonstrate that, despite being a complex and multi-faceted issue, the overall conclusion must be drawn that the EU policy over the recent past has been lacking in any real worth in aiding development...

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European Integration

European Integration Date: 09.01.2014 Introduction The following paper will provide an overview on the importance of the regional union of Balkans countries before joining European Union. Initially the paper will describe the main forms of integration and the main benefit for each of them. Furthermore, the paper will explain the main barriers of political integration of the Albania, Macedonia, Kosova and Montenegro. The essay will be based in the daily political development of...

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European Union

The European Union, which was previously known as the European Community is an institutional framework that began in 1951 between six countries with the intention of constructing a unified Europe. The European Union was created after World War II to economically and politically unite Europe so that another war among the European nations would not occur. The enlargement of the European Union is a historic opportunity to foster peace after generations of division and conflict. After fifty plus years...

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Explain the Changing Significance of the Western European Union (Weu)

EXPLAIN THE CHANGING SIGNIFICANCE OF THE WESTERN EUROPEAN UNION (WEU) When the subject of the Western European Union and its position in the evolving European security environment was raised at a discussion of current issues at NATO in 1993, it was described simply as being a "paper tiger" incapable of responding to future crises 1 However the status of the WEU has changed rapidly, particularly with the European Community (EC) agreement at Maastricht defining new responsibilities for the organisation...

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The European Realm

Group 3 2/9/14 GEOG 133 ONLINE The European Realm It is very difficult to determine the boundaries of Europe. A few characteristics that allow geographers to classify the boundaries of Europe include things such as culture, religion, and ethnicity just to name a few. Geographers can create boundaries based on cultural beliefs that are shared or similar to other groups. When comparing Eastern Europe to Asia, there is a very distinctive difference between the two countries that allows for the...

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American vs. European Dream

American Dream 1 American Dream vs. European Dream American Dream 2 American Dream vs. European Dream What is the American Dream? The American Dream is not something we've invented but inherited...

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European Crisis

after Greece and Ireland. An apt and practical remedy is what we desperately need at this time of harshness. In the scope of this essay, the three most commonly accepted solutions to the Crisis will be presented and discussed. Germany, the only European country having a growth in economy during the previous year, plays the central role in two of them. Greece, on the other hand, might also have the chance to resolve its shameful ‘legacy’. Despite the diversity of routes and methods, all these strategy...

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European Union

QUESTION 2: Consider the current discord among European Union members.  Why is it so important for the countries to maintain harmony?  How does the level of economic integration achieved by these nations influence this situation? The European Union is an economic union consisting of 27 member states. To make a free market and remove trade barriers between member states are the ultimate aim of European Union (Hill p289). Among these ,17 nations are members of the ‘Eurozone’, distributing a currency...

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Toyota’s European Operating Exposure

Toyota’s European Operating Exposure 1. Why do you think Toyota had waited so long to move much of its manufacturing for European sales to Europe? By 2001, Toyota’s operating losses in Europe had reached 9.9 billion Yen. Much of this loss was due to Toyota’s operating exposure which was a result of the sliding value of the euro with respect to the Japanese Yen. Between early 1999 and early 2001 (2 year ~ medium-run time horizon), the euro had fallen by approximately 28% with respect to...

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European Legacy

and economical after the discoveries . At that time , Europeans started to meet other people -Americans- . The discoveries is not one of the four modules but it is helpful to build a framework for European identity . Of course Europe faces with other people – Muslims - before the discoveries , however it is something that related to religion , it will be explained below , later . Meeting the American people , helps Europeans to question themselves about their identity ,...

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The European Sovereign Debt Crisis

The European sovereign debt crisis, which made it difficult or impossible for some countries in the euro area to repay or re-finance their government debt without the assistance of third parties (Haidar, Jamal Ibrahim, 2012), had already badly hurt the economies in “PIIGS”, Portugal, Ireland, Italy, Greece and Spain. This financial contagion continues to spread throughout the euro area, and becomes a dangerous threat not only to European economy, but also to global economy. Although a commonly...

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The AP European History: Study Notes

Social Differences Preserving the unique history and cultural differences of European nations presented itself as a roadblock to early European cooperation. •Long standing rivalries/histories •Nationalism (France 1960s DeGaulle withdrawal from NATO) •Class/Wealth/Ethnic distinctions between Nations Political Differences Political disagreements between Europe’s leaders lead to an impasse in early European cooperation. •Concerns over Sovereignty/ Central Power over Europe/ Central...

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The Success of the European Union

European Union became a very successful organization helping countries recover after wars as well as boost their economy and standard of living. At first the goals of the European Union where to unite fighting neighbours, now it is about uniting all European countries to preserve their culture and become a one big “family”. Looking at the quality of life in Europe I believe that the European Organisation has successfully achieved more than the goals that they have set. Rich countries set examples...

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European Sovereign-Debt Crisis

SUMMARY: European sovereign-debt crisis is still going on in some countries in eurozone, such as Greece, Spain, Ireland, Portugal. The origins of these crises started from Greece when the government borrowed a huge amount of money from foreign investors and was unable to repay. As a result, a financial crisis started to hit Greece as the starting point of the crisis over countries in Eurozone. While the old deutschmark (DM) bloc – Germany, France, etc. experience lower than average growth and inflation...

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The European Economic and Monetary Union

The European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) is an agreement between participating European nations to share a single currency, the euro, and a single economic policy with set conditions of fiscal responsibility. Since the euro entered in circulation in 2002, the European Union has become more and more powerful. However, in 2008 when the economic crisis dramatically started with a huge bank investment from the bank in the United states of America “Lehman Brothers », “Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc...

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Why European Immigrants Travelled to America

Why European Immigrants Travelled to America Question: "Describe several reasons Europeans immigrated to the U.S. in the late1800's..... Progressing through the 1800’s to the turn of the nineteenth century, there were dramatic social and societal changes marking a new path for the future of America. The population increased by millions as more and more immigrants sought new lifestyles to match the luxurious ones Americans were rumored to have, due to their industrial, democratic system. Through...

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Decline in European Christianity

Liberty University The Decline of European Christianity A Paper Submitted to Professor J. Earls By La Dawn Brooks Church History 302 February 10, 2012 In this paper I will attempt to explain the decline in European Christianity and what attributed to itt. When did it actually start? What caused people to move away from Christianity? More importantly will we ever see an increase in these...

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The European Monetary Union

with the European Central Bank being their central bank. The United Kingdom has decided to stay out of the European Union and stick with their currency of the Pound. Their central bank is the Bank of England located in London. Both of these countries are 2 of the biggest, most powerful countries in the European Union so they both have quite the impact on how the European Union behaves. Both France and the United Kingdom are members of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union. While France...

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Citizenship of the European Union

Citizenship of the European Union was introduced by the Maastricht Treaty, which was signed in 1992, and has been in force since 1993. European citizenship is supplementary to national citizenship and affords rights such as the right to vote in European elections, the right to free movement, settlement and employment across the EU, and the right to consular protection from other EU states' embassies when a person's country of citizenship does not maintain an embassy or consulate in the country they...

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Case 2b Toyota’s European Operating Exposure.Pdf

Toyota’s European Operating Exposure It was January 2002, and Toyota Motor Europe Manufacturing (TMEM) had a problem. More specifically, Mr. Toyoda Shuhei, the new President of TMEM, had a problem. He was on his way to Toyota Motor Company’s (Japan) corporate offices outside Tokyo to explain the continuing losses of European manufacturing and sales operations. The CEO of Toyota Motor Company, Mr. Hiroshi Okuda, was expecting a proposal from Mr. Shuhei to reduce and eventually eliminate these losses...

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European and Native American Relations

century, Europeans made the voyage to a “new world” in order to achieve dreams of opportunity and riches. In this other world the Europeans came upon another people, which naturally led to a cultural exchange between different groups of people. Although we commonly refer to European and Indian relations as being between just two very different groups of people, it is important to recognize this is not entirely true. Although the settlers of the new world are singularly referred to as Europeans, each...

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Analysis of the external environment of "Ryanair –"Southwest" of European airlines" case

The objective of my report is to analyze the external environment in "Ryanair-'Southwest" of European airlines" case, which is very important factor for the firm's formulated effective strategy. The external environment consists of a wide array of economic and sociopolitical factors. It is the specific market arenas that the organization has chosen in its strategy; it provides the business opportunities to the firm and it's also a source of threats or forces that may impede the successful implementation...

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How Are the Processes of European Integration Affecting the Uk Constitution

full impact. The scope of the change to the UK constitution that has been instigated by it and other European Court of Justice decisions has been conceptualised as ranging from a ‘legal evolution’ to ‘revolution’. Although some theories are more convincing than others, each faces its own weaknesses. However, notwithstanding the conclusion of this particular speculative debate, the processes of European integration has undoubtedly quickened the pace at which UK Parliament and courts as part of a globalised...

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Future of the European Union

of the EU William D. Smith ABUS 383 The European Union is a union of 27 member countries, that predominately operates in Europe. It had predecessors, however under the current name, it was founded in 1993 after the Maastricht Treaty. Since its founding, the EU has adopted many policies and regulations to theoretically make its members better off, however the current crisis does not reflect much positivity to this. So, how could the Europeans possibly overcome this current debt crisis? ...

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The Macro Environment of the Western European Brewing Industry Was Analyse Using the Pestel Framework and Five Forces Analysis

The macro environment of the Western European brewing industry was analyse using the PESTEL framework to understand and assess the impact of the various external factors namely political, economic, social, technological, environmental, and legal. Political At the beginning of the 21st century the European governments forbear dynamic participation in the beer industry, which was considered as an important part of government revenues, moreover all this government started big campaigns against alcoholism...

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Democratic Deficit in the European Union

government a ‘good kicking’ during European elections, as seen in the UK, Spain and France, rather than vote on a broad manifesto of ideas. This is fuelled further by MEPs campaigning on local issues rather than European ones.” This is an example of part of the democratic deficit in the European Parliament. To further show how there is a democratic deficit in the European Parliament I will explain how it is largely inaccessible to its European citizens and how the European Parliament lacks the power that...

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Global Forces and the European Brewing Industry

half of non-labour costs), raw material such as barley, and energy. The European packaging industry is highly concentrated, dominated by international companies such as Crown in cans and Owens-Illinois in glass bottles. During 2006, Dutch brewer Heineken complained of an 11 per cent rise in packaging costs. Global forces and the European brewing industry Mike Blee and Richard Whittington This case is centered on the European brewing industry and examines how the increasingly competitive pressure...

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The European Union : Contributing to Peace and Prosperity.

No. F. 33-2/2013-NVS(Acad) Dated : Oct. 24, 2013 To, The Deputy Commissioners Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti All Regions. Sub. European Union Essay Competition – 2013 – reg. Sir/Madam, I am to draw your kind attention to the Commissioner’s meeting with Joint Secretary’s Chamber regarding conduct of a European Union Essay Competition 2013-14. This contest will be fined to Class XI students. It is proposed that the essay competition may be conducted on the convenient...

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The Economic and Political Causes of European Exploration and Colonization

Name 09/23/14 World History   The Economic and Political Causes of European Exploration and Colonization   By 1400s, European countries began to dominate the globe with trade and advanced technologies. England, Spain, France and Portugal emerged as the strongest nations in the 1400s and 1500s. For reasons separate for each, the dominant European powers desired to expand their reign beyond Europe. Europeans began exploring various economic reasons, but they did not want to set up colonies right away...

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How Successful Have the Irish Government and the European Central Bank Been in Running the Irish Economy over the Last Two Years?

Economics for Global Business How successful have the Irish Government and the European Central Bank been in running the Irish economy over the last two years? The economic system of the Republic of Ireland is a modern, relatively small, trade-dependent economy, whose growth for 1995-2000 has averaged 10%. The agricultural sector, which once played a dominant role in the system, now replaced by the industry, the industrial sector accounts for 46% of GDP, about 80% of exports, and 29% of...

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European Data Protection Directive

Running head: European Data Protection Directive European Data Protection Directive Piera Hosinski SECURE MANAGEMENT ( MGT 580 Winter 2012) Instructor: Christopher Sobota Abstract “The Data Protection Directive (officially Directive 95/46/EC on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data) is a European Union directive which regulates the processing of personal data within the European Union. It is an important component...

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World Geography : European union and euro advantages and disadvantages.

between six European countries namely France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, Arrived upon establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) on 18th of April 1951. The basic ideals behind ECSC was to create a diplomatic and economic stability between the countries. In 1st of July 1967, The Brussels Treaty was established this was the coalition of ECSC, European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) to form European Communities...

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Introduction To International Business

 INTRODUCTION Foreign direct investment (FDI) is known as the important tool in the development and modernization in economies. The Central and Eastern European Countries (CEEC) acknowledge foreign direct investment (FDI) give a huge impact to their economies in terms of development and modernization. Foreign direct investment means that the investment is direct because the investor, which could be a foreign person or company that have effort to control and manage or have significant influence...

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European union law

The operations of the European Union are hinged on its supranational institutions and progressive agreements among its 28 member countries. Since its inception in the mid 1950s, this organisation has witnessed significant growths and the consequent adoption of various treaties all aimed at rearranging the constitutional and legislative frameworks among its major institutions. The latest of such treaties was the Treaty of Lisbon adopted in 2007 and one which accorded the European parliament to a higher...

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Republican form of government for the EU

European Union and Republicanism In this paper, I am going to look at the possible organization of the European Union through the prism of republicanism. Continuing the idea of my previous writing, I would like to make the public goods be the object of the present paper. However, the reason to place public goods in the center of this discussion seems obscure for me. Possibly, my perception is stipulates by the concept of the republic, especially what is main within this concept, that is namely...

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International Organisations

sovereign states (referred to as member states). Notable examples include the United Nations (UN), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), Council of Europe (CoE), European Union (EU; which is a prime example of a supranational organization), and World Trade Organization (WTO). The UN has used the term "intergovernmental organization" instead of "international organization" for clarity.[3] The first and oldest intergovernmental...

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Should Scotland be Independent?

when the Act of Union in 1706 made Scotland a part of the United Kingdom (Smith & Collin, 2013). England had wanted Scotland to become a part of the union, as they did not want Scotland to support any other monarch to rule them. Scotland was going through a catastrophic economic era; hence they needed financial support to survive (Smith & Collin, 2013). Since then, the United Kingdom has been a successful union over the former three centuries. The political landscape of the union of Scotland and...

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‘On a proper interpretation of the case law of the European Court of Justice, there can be no doubt that the real seat theory is dead throughout the EU.’

1 ex-articles43.48EC
2 The Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU)
3 Portugal, Italy, Germany France, Spain are examples of real seat states.
4 The definition of the real seat varies between countries, but usually refers to the location of management andcontrol.
5 Switzerland, Ireland, Denmark, United Kingdom and Netherlands are incorporation states.
6 ex-articles43.48EC
7 The Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU)
8 CaseC-127/97CentrosLtdvErhvervs-ogSelskabsstyrelsen[1999]ECR...

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which helped the movement in getting more sympathizers. There was a debate going on from long time that Catalonia will be a member of European Union after getting separated from Spain or not? Recently the European Commission in Brussels announced that if Catalonia gets independence and gets separated from Spain then it will no longer be a part of the European Union. There were line of event which made the Catalonia independence a strong movement:- On 10th July 2010 Catalan autonomy protest happened...

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Relations Between Ukraine and the European Union (Eu)

Relations between Ukraine and the European Union (EU) are currently shaped via the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), a foreign policy instrument of the EU designed for the countries it borders. The European Union (EU) is seeking an increasingly close relationship with Ukraine, going beyond cooperation, to gradual economic integration and deepening of political cooperation. Ukraine is said to be a priority partner within the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP). Partnership and Cooperation Agreement ...

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KTM is a successful European off-road motorcycle manufacturer with sales in 72 countries. KTM has been experiencing impressive growth in both its top and bottom lines over the past several years, but it is facing significant growth pressure from its venture capitalist investor. The chief financial officer must determine how the company could achieve its growth objectives. Options include geographic expansion (increase U.S. emphasis or expansion to new European Union countries) or product expansion...

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Wto Dispute - Beef Hormone Case

the European Union in the beef hormone dispute is to determine the extent that a country can use health or other concerns to prohibit trade. The major aspect of this dilemma is that the United States and Europe have different regulations concerning beef. Although the beef meets American and International standards it doesn’t meet some European regulations. Even though the case went to the WTO and there were recommendations made, the have problem between the United States and the European Union...

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Study Guide Geography of Europe

major changes that have occurred since the end of the 1980s that make Europe’s current political geography so dynamic? How does one define nationalism? When and how did nationalism emerge as a force? What was the role of Romanticism in the rise of European nationalism (examples of romantic nationalistic symbols on the landscape)? How might we differentiate between how nationalism established itself in Western Europe as opposed to Eastern Europe? What happened to Europe’s large multi-ethnic empires...

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