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How succesful was the weimar republic?

By melmuller Oct 21, 2013 770 Words
How successful was the Weimar Republic (1919-1923)?
As First World War end Germany had to face different problems. One of these problems was the fact that as the Kaiser abdicated, a new government was created. This new government was The Weimar Republic and the First President of the Republic was Friedrich Ebert. On the one hand, the Weimar republic brought many improvements to Germany and learned to cope with the problems the country was facing at the time. As soon as Friedrich Ebert became the new leader he helped deciding what the constitution should be like. Ebert believed the Allies would treat Germany better if they had a democratic government so the new constitution gave Germans many new rights. This new constitution allowed men aged 21 and over to vote in elections for deputies to the Reichstag. Germans have rights to free speech, freedom of newspapers, freedom to set up trade unions, and anyone could form a political party. All of these were completely new freedoms for Germany, and very modern for the time. German people weren’t used to this new constitution but many of them were interested in learning more about it and supported it. When elections came Friedrich Ebert won them. The new president had to face different problems. One of these problems was the opposition from both the right and the left. On the left wing there were the spartacists who were communists who felt that Germany was ready to follow Russia’s example of making communist revolution. Furthermore, on the left wing there were the Freikorps, a group made up mostly by ex-service men who disliked the new government but specially were totally opposed to communism. Ebert managed to stop both sides by making an agreement with the Freikorps who crush the communist revolves. This tactic was supported by people from the right wing and by judges and democratics who opposed communism. In addition, the new government had to decide whether to sign or not the Treaty of Versailles. Ebert felt he had no choice as the army wouldn’t be able to stop an invasion so he signed it. Although most people felt betrayed by him and the new government there was no other way of making peace. The Treaty of Versailles was also blamed by Germans for economic chaos as it forced Germany to pay high reparations to the allies. Germans protested but their protests were ignored. They didn’t have enough money to pay the reparations and the Allies, specially the French ran out of patience as they also had debts to pay to USA so they entered the Ruhr and took was owed to them in the form of raw materials and goods. The government told the workers to make passive resistance so that the French have nothing to take away but this brings even bigger problems. The production decrease and there were no goods to trade so government simply started printing money. For them this seemed a good solution as they were able to pay its debts. The great industrialists were able to pay off all their debts as well. On the other hand, the Weimar Republic was a weak government with many opposition and made wrong decisions that bring lot of problems to the country. The truth is the new constitution was very critized as most people were divided between those who wanted a communist government and those who wanted to stay as they used but only a few liked this new government. Moreover, as Ebert send the Freikorps to crush the communists revolves it was as if they had the permission to kill communists. This means that the punishment for those who killed was least or didn’t even exist. Besides, the fact Ebert signed the Treaty of Versailles made German population felt betrayed by the new government as they didn’t believed they had lose. The Kaiser and the army never told bad news to the people and many believed that Germany could still win the war. What is more, as the government started printing money the prizes raised high faster than ever. Hyperinflation wasn’t a minor problem. Poor people were suffering and the prosperous middle class who had savings in the bank noticed that that money now had no value. The situation needed urgent actions. In conclusion, although the Weimar republic had many conflicts it found the way of staying in power what shows it wasn’t that weak. It was very critized but the new constitution laws were quiet fair and decisions like signing the Treaty of Versailles were decisions that have to be taken.

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