People Are Swept Along by Events. Some Individuals Use Events to Advantage.’' How Accurate Is This Statement in Relation to the Personality You Have Studied? Albert Speer

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Account for the emergence of the Democratic Republic and the impact of the Treaty of Versailles

The end of the Great War had forced the Kaiser to abdicate to Holland and brought an end to the Germany’s Imperial government. The Weimer Republic had emerged from the Revolution. The new democratic government had been forced upon by the Treaty of Versailles. The Treaty of Versailles also disbanded the German Air force and reduced its army and navy, loss of territories, reparations, Germany was forbidden to unite with Austria and were to take the blame.

The new Weimer Republic lacked support from to run a proper democracy, they relied heavily on the Reichswehr and the Freikorps. Although the Reichswehr fought against the communists, they were not loyal to the democratic republic. They believed that they were “Stabbed in the back”, when Ebert’s government (November Criminals) signed the Treaty of Versailles. The population did not recognise the fact that they would not have lasted the end of the war without being entirely crushed. The Reichswehr supported the right, so during the beer hall putsch they refused to defend the new government, they stated “Reichswehr does not fire on Reichswehr. The new government was in between the left and right, however after the war the working class (the majority of the population) tended to support the two extremes, conservative and communist. The new government forced a new constitution to be drawn up, this included article 48- which could suspend the fundamental rights of the citizens if public order and security were seriously disturbed. The new government was due to the treaty of Versailles and the revolution.

Germany was weak towards the end of 1918, the naval blockade had starved the nation and Germany was no longer able to continue without having to face total loss. The high command were aware of this and also had knowledge of Wilson’s 14 point, they agreed to have a peace treaty. The Treaty of Versailles was put together

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