Group Decision Support Systems

Powerful Essays
Introduction to GDSS
Group decision support systems (GDSS) are interactive, computer-based systems that facilitate solution of semi-structured and unstructured problems by a designated set of decision-makers working together as a group. A GDSS can assist groups, especially groups of managers, in analyzing problem situations and in performing group decision making tasks. GDSS include structured decision tools for tasks like brainstorming, commenting on ideas, and rating and ranking of alternatives
GDSS is also known as Group Support Systems (GSS) or Computer Support Cooperative Work System (CSCW). It is a "silent partner" to improve the efficiency, reliability, and quality of group decisions in meetings.
GDSS are in some ways hybrid systems or integrated systems combining (i) communication, (ii) computing, and (iii) decision support technologies to facilitate the formulation and solution of unstructured problems by a group of people. In short, GDSS is a computer-based system which supports groups of people and engages them in a common task through an interface of sharing environment. GDSS consists of (i) hardware, (ii) software, (iii) people, and (iv) procedures

Typical GDSS Meeting Characteristics: * Organizational commitment/support * Trained facilitators or may be user driven * User training * Anonymity * Appropriate tasks * Dedicated decision ro
Principal characteristics of a Dedicated Decision Room-based GDSS
A Decision Room refers to the physical arrangement for using a Group DSS. In a single room, workstations are made available to participants. The objective in using a Decision Room is to enhance and improve the group's decision-making process.

Characteristics of a Decision Room include:

1) Each participant has a computer workstation
2) A leader (facilitator) coordinates the meeting
3) The room has a display screen that all participants can view
4) Computers are networked and client/server architecture



Bibliography: http://ksi.cpsc.ucalgary.ca/courses/547-95/kooy/gdss.html http://www.umsl.edu/~sauterv/DSS/gdss_defined.html http://ww2.cis.temple.edu/isworld/vmc/April98/gray/GRAY.htm http://dssresources.com/faq/index.php?action=artikel&id=37 http://asgard.kent.edu/collabwork/GDSS/GDSS.presentation.ppt http://ksi.cpsc.ucalgary.ca/courses/547-95/kooy/gdss.html http://www.ventana.com/services_meetingroom.html

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    Decision Support System

    • 6719 Words
    • 27 Pages

    Decision Support Systems Marek J. Druzdzel and Roger R. Flynn Decision Systems Laboratory School of Information Sciences and Intelligent Systems Program University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, PA 15260 {marek,flynn}@sis.pitt.edu http://www.sis.pitt.edu/∼dsl To appear in Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science, Second Edition, Allen Kent (ed.), New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc., 2002 1 Contents Introduction Decisions and Decision Modeling Types of Decisions . . . . . . . . . . . . .…

    • 6719 Words
    • 27 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Decision Support System

    • 3237 Words
    • 13 Pages

    Chapter 8 Decision Support Systems Managers and Decision Making A decision refers to a choice made between alternatives.  Why Managers Need the Support of Information Technology. It is very difficult to make good decisions without valid, timely and relevant information.  Number of alternatives to be considered is increasing  Many decisions are made under time pressure.  Due to uncertainty in the decision environment, it is frequently necessary to conduct a sophisticated analysis…

    • 3237 Words
    • 13 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Decision Support System

    • 2077 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Figure 1: Decision Support Systems. Retrieved from http://www.dreamstime.com/royalty-free-stock-images-word-cloud-dss-decision-support-system-related-items-image35542029 INTRODUCTION Decision Support System (DSS) is a computer based system which uses analytical models, specialized databases and aids the decision makers in making complex decisions in an organization. In the old days, a group of professional people in a company used to consider various factors and variables while taking a complex…

    • 2077 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Decision Support System

    • 1496 Words
    • 6 Pages

    ASSIGNMENT OF INFORMATION SYSTEM AND ADMINISTRATION NAME : QUDSIA AZEEM CLASS: BBA 3B DATE : 27-3-2013 JINNAH UNIVERSITY FOR WOMEN SUMMARY OF THE ARTICLE DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS AND WEB TECHNOLOGIES: A STATUS REPORT DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS, WORLD-WIDE WEB, DATA DRIVEN DSS, MODEL-DRIVEN DSS, IMPLEMENTATION. Introduction to DSS: A decision support system (DSS) is a computer-based information system that supports business or organizational decision-making activities. DSSs serve the management…

    • 1496 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Decision Support Systems

    • 19136 Words
    • 77 Pages

    BBIT 421/CISY 427: DECISION SUPPORT AND EXPERT SYSTEMS Decision support systems: These systems give direct computer support to managers during the decision-making process. For example, advertising managers may use an electronic spreadsheet program to do what-if analysis as they test the impact of alternative advertising budgets on the forecasted sales of new products. Decision support systems are computer-based information systems that provide interactive information support to managers and business…

    • 19136 Words
    • 77 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Decision Support Systems

    • 351 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Assignment 4: Decision Support Systems Making decisions concerning complex systems (e.g., the management of organizational operations, industrial processes, or investment portfolios; the command and control of military units; or the control of nuclear power plants) often strains our cognitive capabilities. Even though individual interactions among a system's variables may be well understood, predicting how the system will react to an external manipulation such as a policy decision is often difficult…

    • 351 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Decision Support Systems

    • 1515 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Decision Support Systems Decision support systems are interactive, computer-based systems that aid users in judgment and choice activities. They provide data storage and retrieval but enhance the traditional information access and retrieval functions with support for model building and model-based reasoning. They support framing, modeling, and problem solving. Typical application areas of DSSs are management and planning in business, health care, the military, and any area in which management will…

    • 1515 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Decision Support System

    • 784 Words
    • 4 Pages

    information system and a decision support system. Why are decision support systems suited for executive decision making? Why must an executive support system be flexible and easy to use? Both management information systems and decision support systems generate information that help make daily decisions within a business that are fast and efficient to produce productivity. Decision support systems are suited for executives because executives make many unstructured business decisions that requires…

    • 784 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Decision Support Systems

    • 857 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Decision Support Systems (DSS) A Decision Support System (DSS) is an information system at the management level of an organization that combines data, analytical tools, and models to support semistructured and unstructured decision-making. A DSS can handle low volume or massive databases optimized for data analysis. DSS has more power than other systems. They are built explicitly with a variety of models to analyze data or they condense large amounts of data into a form where they can be analyzed…

    • 857 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Decision Support Systems

    • 1814 Words
    • 8 Pages

    with situations that need critical analysis, compilation of raw data, circulation of precise documents and effective utilization of computer systems. Frito Lay is an example of a company who implemented various decision support systems (DSS) into their business model. A DSS is a “highly flexible and interactive IT system that is designed to support decision making when the problem is not structured.” (Haag, Cummins p.162) Managers require information to guide their organization in the right direction…

    • 1814 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Better Essays