The development of children is continuous; the development a child makes can be measured in a variety of ways. Children will develop at different rates, so some quicker than others. But, the sequence in how children develop is usually the same such as; walking, a child has to be walking in order for them to develop more so that they can then start running or jumping etc. the child development is normally looked at on a timeline and is then broken up into different ages. The development is quickest during the early years and the milestones will be close together, but as the baby becomes a child these milestones will become further apart from each other. The development of children is measured on their physical, language, social and emotional and also their intellectual development. Physical development;
I am going to start by talking about physical development; the physical development is normally very quick early on. It only takes a few weeks after a baby being born in which the baby will start to smile and will begin to respond to sounds and the environments that surround them. By the age of one, the baby is now starting to crawl or if not will most likely be able to shuffle themselves to where they want to go. The baby will also be able to pull or push on the furniture. The baby should be able to sit without support and the way in which they handle and hold things will have changed. They will begin to look for things that are hidden or they cannot find. The baby’s first teeth will start to show and solid foods can now be introduced. Between the ages of one and two, the baby is now becoming a toddler, they will start to walk and will pull or push toys along with them whilst walking. They will pick a few objects up and will bang them together. They can also start to choose what hand they do things with such as holding a pen and making marks on the paper. This is the age where they like to get messy when eating! They like to feel independent and will like to feed themselves whether this be with finger foods or with a spoon. They will also drink from a cup using both of their hands and they can often get a little bit excited when waving bye bye. If they want something they will show us this by pointing to the object. Between the ages of two and three, the mark making on the paper will eventually start to turn into scribbles on the paper and they will start to use pencils and pends. They are now able to kick balls around and throw other objects. They can build big towers using bricks or blocks and they will begin to explore with different messy play liquids by pouring them. At the age of three, the toddler is now becoming more a child; this is the age where they will gain more independence. As the child is growing up, their skills with their mobility and climbing will be getting better as they run, catch, jump, and walk up and down stairs. The child will start to help with dressing and undressing themselves by this stage. At the age of four, the motor skills in boys will be a lot more developed with their aiming, building, throwing, climbing etc. whereas the girls fine motor skills are more developed than the boys, so using scissors, holding a pencil to draw etc. By the age of five the child now has a lot more control with the pencil and they will start to copy letters and shapes, and will start to draw people. Any ball games that they take part in will develop more as well as there will be structure with their aim when kicking etc. they will start to learn how to hop on one foot and skip. When the child is six they can now dress themselves on their own as they will learn how to do their laces, buttons etc by themselves. The way they write will become more fluent as they will copy the shapes of letters which will have developed into words and sentences with their pencil control which has also become a lot stronger. The confidence in the child will have increased when they play outside, whether they are climbing, riding a...
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