There are many definitions of leadership. Joseph Rost defined leadership as an influence relationship among leaders and followers who intend real changes and outcomes that reflect their shared purposes. Richard L. Daft & Andrew Pirola-Merlo (2009). The Leadership
Experience, Asia Pacific Edition 1 page 4.
Leadership today has many challenges and with changes to technology, e-business, virtual teams and budget cuts organisations need to change the way they do things. Strong leaders are needed in these situations. The paradigm for 21st century leaders focusses on change and crisis management, empowerment, collaboration, diversity, higher purpose and humility. In today’s environment leaders need to move with change, help others grow, focus on people, create emotional connections and display courage and integrity.
Concepts of leadership have evolved over time. Major research approaches include Great
Man theories, trait theories, behaviour theories, contingency theories, influence theories and relational theories. Richard L. Daft & Andrew Pirola-Merlo (2009). The Leadership
Experience, Asia Pacific Edition 1 page 27.
The personal traits and behaviours of people relate to leadership style and effectiveness.
There are a number of personal traits linked to good leadership – among the traits considered essential are self-confidence – assurance in one’s own judgements, decision making, ideas and capabilities; honesty and integrity – truthfulness and acting in accordance with moral values; and drive – high motivation, energy, ambition and initiative to achieve goals.
Honesty and integrity are important leadership characteristics. I believe trusting, involving team members and giving them responsibility creates an environment where people are more motivated. Trust needs to be developed over time. In one of my previous roles I was starting in a new department and managing a team responsible for providing