1. Briefly explain how you could understand Steven’s case using nature versus nurture theory.
Nature: is that which is inherited / genetic background.
Nurture : Our environmental influences ( Physical and Social) which is acquired after conception, ie , experiences In relation to Steven’s case the Nurture element of this theory. His parents having full dominating control over his life and the pressure of there expectations. Focusing on his childhood experiences of not being heard, no sense of ownership, lack of attention from his parents and is inability to make decisions / choices– because he did not have to as his parents did it for him. Steven was unable to create his own “path “ as a child, when he became an “Adult “ he was able to travel on his “own path “when he did it was destructive due to his controlling parenting. In this case the environmental factors influenced Steven’s development and behaviour. The Nature Element in Steven’s life could relate to his sexual impulses and changes of needs as a teenager ( Puberty ) which is explained as a biological function that you are born with.
2. Describe how you could apply Freudian concepts in working with Steven.
According to Freud’s theory all unacceptable thoughts, feelings, memories during childhood are stored in our unconscious mind. What is stored in our unconscious can be the cause of unacceptable behaviour’s that influence our choices / decisions we make in our conscious. If one can become aware of how, why they act this way then they are on the path to fixing the unacceptable behavior.. Understanding this relationship: Unconscious / Conscious. We look into Freud’s structural model of the Psyche. ( ACAP, 2013)
In relations to Steven’s case…
The Id , Steven as a Child ( Sinner )
Steven looking at the Freudian Concept is stuck in the Phallic Stage. As, as child he did not receive adequate attention, tenderness, and guidance except strict dominating conditions where he did not have a voice at an early age. This resulted his excessive drinking, smoking and sexual experimentation as a teenager and is incapacity to be sensitive and inability to learn real feelings.
The Ego , Steven as a Adult ( Now ) ( Saint and Sinner )
Steven is fixated at the Phallic Stage, His behaviour’s as an adult are reckless, dysfunctional, and immature, and his inability to have a meaningful loving committed relationship. The Saint and the Sinner he created so he can still fulfill his parents expectations and his own needs. The Sinner was created due to undeveloped Ego as a child.
The Super Ego is Parents control , expectation, influence and also the Saint as an Adult.
This parents control dominating and the pressure of there expectations on Steven. Steven knows what is right and wrong as he created the Saint and the Sinner.
With this understanding as a counsellor based on the Freudian concept you would make him recognize his behaviours are unhelpful and getting in his way of a happy life. Make him aware of his actions and the consequences that they bring about (Divorce) . Acknowledge that he is a good person and encourage him to pursue change through him making incentives / rewards to achieve the goal / outcomes he wants.
3. Briefly analyse Steven’s situation from the perspective of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs.
Steven’s situation in relation to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is fully focused in the Basic Needs of the triangle. He received his physiological needs for survival. But has not progressed further so he has not reached his Meta Needs . Steven bounces around in the stages of the Basic needs.
Safety and Security _ he has not taken control of his life his parents have provide this for him (working in the family business) His security and safety was given to him . Love and Belonging –finds love and belonging in the wrong places. His need to create a family was evident but because of his lack of self-esteem he has not developed past...
References: Australian College of Applied Psychology ( 2013 ). CHCCSL504A Counselling Theories
(V33201111). Sydney, Australia: Author.
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