The Historical Development and Philosophy of Person Centred Counselling. 3
The key concepts, principles and practice of the model. 5
The concept of self and the development of self-concept. 10
Comparisons of Counselling Models. 12
The dangers of using methods and techniques without adequate training. 15
The Historical Development and Philosophy of Person Centred Counselling.
Carl Rogers (1902-87) was the founder of the client-centred or person-centred approach to counselling and therapy. (McLeod 2001)
As a student, Rogers received training from Jessie Taft, a follower of Otto Rank (sollod, 1978, cited in McLeod, 2001) in pschodynamically orientated therapy, but through his years spent at Rochester (1928-40) largely evolved his own distinctive approach. McLeod (2001).
Rogers ideas of counselling are known by the names of ‘non-directive’ ‘client-centred’ ‘person-centred’ or ‘Rogerian’. The emphasis being placed on the ‘here and now’ experiences of the client, rather than their childhood events or future behaviour.
Rogers believes that a human’s personality is constructive and good and has the ability to strive towards their full potential, becoming fully functional through self- healing, with influences of existential and phenomenological philosophy, but to achieve this, the person must be provided with the right conditions for growth (the three core conditions- empathy, congruence and unconditional positive regard) in 1957 Rogers carried out major research to validate the use of using these core conditions. Other influential figures that shared these views were Abraham Maslow (the self-actualisation theory), Charlotte Buhler and Sydney Jourard. Rogers carried out research using recordings and transcriptions of therapy sessions, studying the
References: Frankland, A., Sanders, P. (1999) Next Steps in Counselling. PCCS Books Ltd. Sanders, P. (1999) First Steps in Counselling. PCCS Books Ltd McLeod, J. (2001) An Introduction to Counselling. Open University Press.