• Organic Chemistry 2 Lab
    Synthesizing Ethyl Acetate by Fisher Esterification Esters compose an important class of organic compounds. Esters often have a pleasant scent and are found in natural fragrances. Esters can be prepared synthetically for use in foods, flavorings, and perfumes. Ethyl acetate is often used as a primary...
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  • Isopentyl Acetate Synthesis
    is made by the reaction of isopentyl alcohol and glacial acetic acid with sulfuric acid (H2SO4) as the catalyzing agent. The crude ester produced in lab was isopentyl acetate, because first, the product smelled of bananas and second, the IR spectrum for the product shows that the product is isopentyl...
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  • Preparation of Isoamylacetate
    alcohol and acetic anhydride by Fischer reaction. The use of acetic anhydride with the presence of the sulfuric acid as a catalyst sped up the esterification and yielded more efficient results. Saturated sodium bicarbonate was added to remove traces of unreacted sulfuric acid and the sodium chloride...
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  • Esterification of Oleic Acid for Biodiesel Production Catalyzed by Sncl2: a Kinetic Investigation
    Energies 2008, 1, 79-92; DOI: 10.3390/en1020079 energies ISSN 1424-8220 www.mdpi.org/energies Article Esterification of Oleic Acid for Biodiesel Production Catalyzed by SnCl2: A Kinetic Investigation Abiney L. Cardoso, Soraia Cristina Gonzaga Neves and Marcio J. da Silva * Departament of Chemistry...
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  • Pet Manual
    Table Of Contents SECTION 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 INTRODUCTION TRAINING PROGRAM RAW MATERIAL PASTE PREPARATION ESTERIFICATION POLY-CONDENSATION PROCESS CONTROL AND INSTRUMENTATION LAB RESULTS RANGES DCS CALCULATORS LOGICS BREAKDOWN HISTORY TROUBLE SHOOTING SOME IMPORTANT ACTION PLANS INDEX PAGE...
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  • Algae Biofuel
    A Seminar Report On “BLUE EYES” TECHNOLOGY By Anuj Arora(UE7510) [pic] University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Panjab University [2010-2011] Overview 1. Need of Biofuels – Global Problems 2. Algae – Part of Solution 3. Current Trends In Production ...
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  • pre-feasibility study of the biodiesel production from waste cooking oil using solid catalyst
    heterogeneous catalyst are reuseable and less amount of wastewater from washing process. In this project , starting with study and collect data from lab-scale experiment and study about Aspen Plus, program to design and simulate biodiesel processes with complicate calculation, and use Aspen Plus to find...
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  • english
    appropriate section in your notes to assist your memory. Even if you are correct, it is important to read the correct answer fully. Whenever the examiners report states that this question was badly done, you can almost guarantee that the topic will be examined again in a very similar manner. Make sure you speak...
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  • Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution: the Synthesis of Esters
    of this experiment is to observe the synthesis of esters (also known as esterification), to understand the chemical processes that ester synthesis undergoes, and to know the optimum conditions needed for high yields. Esterification is a Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution Reaction wherein a carboxylic acid...
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  • Aspirin
    Date: May 22, 2012 Name: Cristhian Valor Organic Laboratory Pre-Lab 1. Main reaction sequence including side reaction products: 2. 3 Sentence Summary of the Experiment: The OH group on the benzene ring in salicyclic acid reacts with acetic anhydride to form an ester functional group...
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  • Esterification
    S. Ocampo Department of Biological Sciences, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines Abstract Fisher reaction is an acid-catalyzed esterification of carboxylic acid with an alcohol which makes the synthetic production of an ester possible. In addition, ester product and reactants of this...
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  • Water
    Industrial Training • Summer training at Reliance Industries Limited, Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh. Production of Poly Ethylene Terephthalate by Esterification process and done the project on “How to increase the Efficiency of Jet Cooling Tower”. Academic Project • Project Title: Design...
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  • Experiment 8: Acetylsalicylic Acid Experiment
    01/25/2013 CHM Lab- 2211 Sec 0016 Instructor: Jennifer Reed Introduction: Commonly used as Aspirin, acetylsalicylic acid is an analgesic (pain reliever), which is one of the products of the esterification reaction between salicylic acid and acetic anhydride. This esterification occurs since the...
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  • Simple Distillation, Gas Chromatography: Preparation of Synthetic Banana Oil
    experiment gave us the opportunity to work with a variety of new procedures as well as practice procedures that are new to us within the past few weeks of labs. Within the context of the scenario, we find that a distilling company that markets a popular banana liqueur is having problems. The banana plantation...
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  • Experiment 13B
    Taylor Levin 5.28.14 Chemistry 352- Organic Chemistry Lab Summer 2014 Purpose: To prepare isopentyl acetate (banana oil), an ester, from isopentyl alcohol and acetic acid through the Fischer Esterification reaction. Reactions: acetic acid + isopentyl alcohol...
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  • Synthesis of Ester
    (excess) (alcohol) (ester) (vinegar) Isopentyl acetate is prepared by the direct esterification of acetic acid with isopentyl alcohol. Since the equilibrium does not favor the formation of the ester, it must be shifted to the right, in favor...
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  • Aspirin
    will be the most efficient in yielding the purest aspirin because of its chemical properties of C2H4O2. The process of synthesizing aspirin is an esterification reaction, meaning that the phenol group of the salicylic acid reacts with an acid anhydride, the functional group of acetic anhydride, to make...
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  • Miss
    p-toluenesulfonic acid, or the acid form of an ion exchange resin: 1 O C H3C + CH OH 3 OH H+ H3C O O CH3 + H O 2 This Fischer esterification reaction reaches equilibrium after a few hours of refluxing. The position of the equilibrium can be shifted by adding more of the acid or of the...
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  • The Extraction of Pectin from Orange Peels
    CERTIFICATION This project report is certified by the supervisor and approved by the head of department of chemical engineering. Supervisor: HOD: Date: Date: DEDICATION This project work is dedicated to God Almighty, the Source of all...
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  • Steroids Speech
    anabolic steroids and by the mid 1970´s most major sporting organizations had also banned them. In the 80s testosterone was a prescription drug. Media reports began to associate steroids with performance enhancing efforts in the context of competitive sports. Steroids were decried as cheating to gain an unfair...
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