H&Sc Unit 11 Unit 11 Safeguarding Adults and Promoting Independence

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Task 1 (P1)
With examples, describe forms of abuse which may be experienced by adults. To achieve p1, produce a table that describes the different forms of abuse that adults may be subjected to.

Forms of Abuse Which May Be Experienced By Adults

Abuse is mistreating someone whether mentally, emotionally, sexually, financially or physically that is likely to cause death or harm to a person such as making them feel worthless, guilty, isolated or making significant loss to a victim’s property.

Forms Of Abuse
Meaning Of Abuse
Example
Physical abuse
Physical abuse is a result of pain, injury or impairment in the body due to a purpose infliction of force to a person. For example, by shaking, pinching, pushing, burning, force feeding or physical punishment will all be considered as physical abuse towards elderly. Sexual abuse

Sexual abuse is unwelcomed interaction between adults. Except those who are involved in nursing care, it may sometimes be difficult to detect sexual abuse. (Kennard 2006)

Any unwelcomed physical, visual pr psychological is sexual abuse. Victims of sexual abuse may wrongly blame themselves example for having contributed to the abuser. The victims of sexual abuse are mostly women’s over 70 years in the nursing home. (Teaster , Roberto 2004) Financial abuse

Financial abuse is to use an elderly persons property or funds without letting them know or without their permission by someone who cares for them or outside scam artist. (Robinson, Benedictis, Segal, 2012)

Financial abuse towards an adult can take place by taking their money, stealing belongings or even not letting the elder person take part in their own financial decisions. Neglect
Forms of neglect include active neglect which is purposely preventing elderly persons basic necessary needs such as giving them food, providing shelter and clothing. (Victims of Violence 2011)
Neglect occurs when a carer dismisses the elderly person’s needs that can result in their well being. The abuse can take place by the doing something such as hitting them (acts of commission) and by not doing something such as not giving them food (acts of omission). The effects of neglect could be that, if a carer does not give medication to the person they are responsible for may result in short term illnesses. Domestic Violence or Abuse

Domestic violence is a physical or psychological damage caused by applying pressure between adults who are or have been in a relationship together or family members regardless or gender and sexuality. Domestic violence is an aggressive behavior that a carer may show towards an elderly person.

Emotional Abuse
Emotional abuse takes place when some one inflicts an elderly person by verbal or nonverbal behaviour. (Kenard 2006) Emotional abuse towards adults can take place by the carer ignoring the elder person, bullying, humiliating and by treating inappropriately for their age or cultural background. Also any action that can damage the persons well being can relate to emotional abuse as it reduces individual’s quality of life and their self esteem.

Task 2 (P2)

Describe different indicators to demonstrate that abuse may be happening to adults.

Indicators of Abuse

Indicators of abuse can be separated as physical indicators and behavioral indicators. Physical indicators are things such as unexplained bruising on the body, injuries that occur repeatedly, having black eyes, burns or scalds, bites, fractures, cuts and scares.

Behavioral indicators are, becoming withdrawn or aggressive, sudden drop in performance, difficulty in making friends, changes in attendance patter, poor hygiene, seeking attention and suicidal thoughts.

Sometimes it is not easy to tell if a person is subjected to abuse however sudden change in behavior can indicate abuse. Change in personality for example mood swings, social withdrawal may be sign of emotional abuse that the person may feel the need of being alone than...
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