AND PROTECTION IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE
1.How to recognise signs of abuse
1.1 & 1.2 Define the following types of abuse and explain the signs and symptoms- TYPE OF ABUSE| DEFENITION | SIGNS/SYMPTOMS |
Physical abuse | This is any form of harm caused to the body.| Bruises, finger marks, fractures, dislocations, scratches, cuts, pressure sores, black eyes, scalds, cigarette burns, history of unexplained injuries, accidental overdose, poisoning, deterioration in health, weight loss, soiled clothing/bedding, inappropriate clothing, mood changes, not wanting to be alone with certain individuals.| Sexual abuse | A sexual act is carried out without the consent or understanding of the individual.| Bruises, scratches, bite marks, changes in sexual behaviours, sexual abuse to others, self injury, destructive behaviour, alcohol/drug abuse, suicide attempts, withdrawn, aggression, tearful, anxiety, infections, pregnancy, abdominal pain, frequent masturbation, changes in behaviours, weight gain/loss, changes in appearance, | Emotional / psychologicalabuse | Individuals being bullied, controlled, intimidated or taken advantage of| Individuals needs being ignored, reports of shouting, screaming, swearing, scared of raised voices, distressed, being teased, being humiliated, un respected, not being given choice, opinion, dignity, privacy, being undermined.| Financial abuse| Controlling or spending an individual’s money| Not being made aware of own finances, family controlling individuals money and not making it available for the individual to use, control of their finances being taken away even if able to deal with them, sudden changes in the individuals will, personal belongs going missing, unusual spending patterns, others moving into the individuals property. | Institutional abuse | Being made to follow what individuals think you should follow | Set meal times, set bedtimes, freedom restricted or taken away, no access to complaints procedure, personal mail opened by others, inappropriate medication being given.| Neglect | Depriving an individual of their needs or an environment suitable for their needs| Not providing adequate food or drink, not providing required assistance or adequate assistance required with eating /drinking, not supporting with personal care, leaving individuals alone, not supporting mobility, not supporting communication needs, unclean/unhygienic living conditions, not having a secure environment, not making or assisting individuals to make health appointments, not supporting with social activities, not providing adequate help with supporting individuals to take medication.| Self neglect | Refusing your own body the care and things it needs | not eating/drinking, not maintaining personal hygiene, not attending medical appointments, not keeping yourself safe, refusal to attend prearranged social settings, not keeping your living environment to a safe secure hygienic standard.|
When looking into self neglect it is important that we take into consideration that it may be the individuals preferred way of living. If there has been a sudden change in an individual’s way of living or care they provide themselves this could mean they are neglecting their needs but can also be a sign of illness so all factors need to be considered. 1.3 Factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse ABUSE BY PROFESSIONALS
* Poor quality of staff training meaning staff may not have the knowledge or understanding of the needs and procedures to follow. Employers are responsible for providing training and employees are responsible for making sure that they attend the training. * Short of staff meaning the staff on duty is under more pressure and maybe unable to provide the care that is required to the standards required. * Insufficient staff supervision means individuals do not have the time and opportunity to discuss...