Key Terminology

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Unit 2 – Equality, Diversity and Rights in Health and Social Care

Key Terminology

Conor Wallace

Stereotyping

Stereotyping describes the belief that all people from certain circumstances are the same. “A stereotype is a simplified mental picture of an individual or group of people who share a certain characteristic (or stereotypical) qualities. The term is often used in a negative sense, and stereotypes are seen by many as undesirable beliefs” Source Web Page: http://www.wordiq.com/definition/Stereotyping Stereotyping can also be described as generalizations that are made about a group of people; by doing this we are attributing a particular set of characteristics to the group of people. An example of stereotyping would be to say that some nationalities are unfriendly. Another example of stereotyping would be to say that all overweight people are lazy, when in fact they may have an illness that affects them from doing any exercise. Stereotyping can occur anywhere for example at the GP, If a young person went to their GP with liver problems, their GP may just assume that the young person has been drinking alcohol and has brought the problem on themselves.

Abuse
There are many different types of abuse, it can appear in the form of physical, sexual, emotional, verbal or neglect. It can also be a combination of all of these things. 1. Physical abuse is usually the most easily recognized form of abuse. Physical abuse can be any form of hitting, nipping, choking or beating or any else that can cause physical injury, leave marks or cause pain. 2. Sexual abuse. This is any type of sexual contact between an adult and anyone younger than 18, it can also be between a significantly older child and a younger child and it can be if a person overpowers another person regardless of age. It can also take place between family members, this is also known as incest. 3. Emotional abuse is the most difficult to identify because there are usually no signs on the outside of this type of abuse. This type of abuse occurs happens when yelling and anger goes too far. It can also happen when criticism from a person’s peers’ or parents becomes constant or when a person is being threatened. If emotional abuse goes too far it can lead to mental health issues such as depression. In some cases it could also cause a person to attempt suicide. 4. Neglect occurs when a person doesn’t have enough food or adequate clothing, housing medical care or supervision. Neglect can also take the form of emotional neglect, this is when a person isn’t given enough emotional support or a person deliberately and consistently ignores a person. Abuse can take place in care home, hospitals and at home. For example in a care home an elderly person may get physically abused by members of staff because they are not fit to do certain things, the worker may become agitated and react with violence

Overt Discrimination
This is a type of discrimination that takes place out in the open where anyone can witness it. This can take place in a variety of settings for example, Some countries not letting Gay or Bi-sexual people join their armies or some countries persecuting LGB people because of their sexual orientation. Overt discrimination can be described as “An obvious way of forbidding a particular type of person from performing an activity or job. Although overt discrimination was certainly practiced in the past, very few business operators in the modern era are able to practice overt discrimination in their hiring practices that would disadvantage people of a particular race, age, gender or sexual orientation.” Source: http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/overt-discrimination.html#ixzz2Bj2Ml91M

Prejudice
Prejudice is when someone makes a judgement about someone without knowing either the person or the facts about the person. To prejudge someone literally means to judge a person before meeting them or knowing them. Normally when a...
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