Problem IdentificationPage 4
Literature ReviewPage 5 - 7
Objective of the StudyPage 8 - 9
Research PlanPage 10
Time Line and ResourcesPage 11 - 12
A RESEARCH PROPOSAL
Climate Change Project
Prime Minister Office Project
From: Zaimah Hassan
Date:1st Jan 2010
Subject: A Research Proposal on the Climate Change Phenomena in Malaysia
There is no doubt now that climate change and global warming are synonymous. This phenomenon is felt worldwide and is continuing to wreck havoc which has created the “greenhouse” effect. Climate change is a result of human actions, it didn’t occur naturally. Nine of the eleven hottest years in the 20th century have occurred since 1985, which is not consistent with a natural trend. Studies show that the surface temperature of the earth has been increasing at a rate of 0.17 degrees Celsius per decade. Increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere may alter the surface temperature through the “greenhouse” effect. These altered environmental states change the living conditions of organisms and animals that transmit diseases, and will lead to specific health problems, ranging from increases in infectious diseases to problems due to heat stress, among others. Any restrictions that are put forward must balance the needs of the environment with the needs of industry. Unfortunately, it will hurt many economies, the only question is which countries will it pose a threat to, and by how much.
The climate change phenomena in Malaysia are noticeably felt and can no longer be ignored. Industries are booming fast, everyone has at least a car and emissions of toxic gasses are constantly being released in the air hence creating unwanted pollutions, which in the long run does damage to the environment, may it be the ozone layers or down to the fast declining instability marine ecosystem life. We should address and find possible ways, no matter how small, to minimize every possible causes which would bring catastrophy of enormous proportions. Cumulative scientific evidence compiled by the United Nations Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change in its series of assessment reports since 1990 coupled with the Stern Review a study commissioned by the UK Treasury looking at the economic impact of climate change brought home the painful reality that climate change left unchecked poses a clear and present danger to mankind’s common future. Indeed this phenomenon is too real, too important and arresting and reversing it should be our topmost priority. As earth is mankind’s only home, becoming mere spectators as it turns unsafe for human habitat is no longer an option. Combating climate change calls for decisive local action and global collective endeavor, the place to act is here while the time to act is now. Recent years saw the effects of climate change being brought to our shores. Devastating monsoon floods hit Malaysia in December of 2005 and 2006 and again in January of 2007 with losses estimated at 4 billion ringgit. Climate change not only influences the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events but also has adverse impact on agricultural yields, biodiversity, forests, availability of clean water and increases in diseases such as malaria and dengue fever. At a more extreme level, climate change leads to forced migration as sea level rises and coastal and low-lying areas become flooded. Climate change will spare no country, the tasks ahead of us now is what we should do, both at the national and international levels.
Among the key initiatives taken by the Malaysian government in the fight against global warming has been in the fields of renewable energy. The policy of Renewable Energy (RE) as the fifth fuel has been formulated by the...