A management information system (MIS) provides information that is needed to manage organizations efficiently and effectively. Management information systems are not only computer systems - these systems encompass three primary components: technology, people (individuals, groups, or organizations), and data/information for decision making. Management information systems are distinct from other information systems in that they are designed to be used to analyze and facilitate strategic and operational activities in the organization. Academically, the term is commonly used to refer to the study of how individuals, groups, and organizations evaluate, design, implement, manage, and utilize systems to generate information to improve efficiency and effectiveness of decision making, including systems termed decision support systems, expert systems, and executive information systems. Most business schools (or colleges of business administration within universities) have an MIS department, alongside departments of accounting, finance, management, marketing, and sometimes others, and grant degrees (at undergrad, masters, and PhD levels) in MIS. A system that gives the people incharge of a company the information that they need to take decisions is called management information system.We can also say that a system that automate the information life cycle.Information life cycle consist of; 1.input(data) 2.processing 3.storage 4.share .Early business computers were used for simple operations such as tracking inventory, billing, sales, or payroll data, with little detail or structure. TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT
The view of quality is as follows
1) Productivity and quality are conflicting goals.
Improving quality consumes additional corporate resources that are needed to maintain productivity. Therefore, quality can be improved only at the expense of productivity.
2) Quality is defined as conformance to specifications or standards. Such conformance pays no attention to...