I must initially assess the needs of my students by establishing prior knowledge, experience and this can be achieved by variety of methods, e.g. informal discussions, skills scans, analysing the learner’s style (VAK) (Howard Gardner). This initial assessment is the foundation upon which the planning and preparation for the lesson is established. Planning provides a structure and context for both teacher and students, as well as a framework for reflection and evaluation (Spencer, 2003.) From the initial assessment 4 fundamental questions should have been answered to ensure correct planning of the lesson
• Who am I teaching, their number and their study level
• What am I teaching
• How will I teach it after considering time available, location resources etc
• How will I know that the students understand
My session plan allows me the information to start the teaching process. From this gathered information I may set ground rules or adapt my session to suit the students thereby ensuring no learner is excluded during the teaching.
As the session progresses, I will carry out assessments by consulting with the students to assess their knowledge and understanding of the lesson, what they need to learn to improve and extend this knowledge, and how the student can best get to that point.
Finally, I will evaluate the lesson from feedback received from the students, colleagues, employers and any other stakeholders. This feedback will be used to develop and improve the lesson. These 5 stages, initial assessment, planning and preparation, teaching, assessment and evaluation are called the teaching cycle. It is a continue process, any new information gathered from one or more of these cycles may result in the change towards another cycle.