MODERN METHODS OF MANAGEMENT
2.1 JUST IN TIME
2.2 6S METHOD
2.3 TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE
2.4 TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT
2.5 HUMAN RESOURCE INFORMATION SYSTEMS
Management strategies and techniques change over time largely because businesses themselves and the societies that they operate in change as well. What was considered a good management technique years ago may be considered a poor or even counterproductive management technique today. Fortunately for managers and students of management, new styles of management are analyzed and experimented with in great detail. Following are some modern management techniques that are currently being used successfully.
2.1. JUST IN TIME SYSTEM
2.2. “6S METHODOLOGY”
5S is the name of a workplace organization methodology that uses a list of five Japanese words which are:
4. Seiketsu and
The list describes how items are stored and how the new order is maintained. The decision making process usually comes from a dialogue about standardization which builds a clear understanding among employees of how work should be done. It also in stills ownership of the process in each employee. Transliterated or translated into English, they all start with the letter "S".
1. Sorting (Seiri)
Eliminate all unnecessary tools, parts, and instructions. Go through all tools, materials, and so forth in the plant and work area. Keep only essential items and eliminate what is not required, prioritizing things as per requirements and keeping them in approachable places. Everything else is stored or discarded.
2. Straightening or setting in order / stabilize (Seiton)
There should be a place for everything and everything should be in its place. The place for each item should be clearly labelled or demarcated. Items should be arranged in a manner that promotes efficient work flow. Workers should not have to bend repetitively to access materials. Each tool, part, supply, or piece of equipment should be kept close to where it will be used – in other words, straightening the flow path. Seiton is one of the features that distinguish 5S from "standardized cleanup". This phase can also be referred to as Simplifying.
3. Sweeping or shining or cleanliness / systematic cleaning (Seiso) Keep the workplace tidy and organized. At the end of each shift, clean the work area and be sure everything is restored to its place. This makes it easy to know what goes where and ensures that everything is where it belongs. A key point is that maintaining cleanliness should be part of the daily work – not an occasional activity initiated when things get too messy.
4. Standardizing (Seiketsu)
Work practices should be consistent and standardized. Everyone should know exactly what his or her responsibilities are for adhering to the first 3 S's.
5. Sustaining the discipline or self-discipline (Shitsuke)
Maintain and review standards. Once the previous 4 S's have been established, they become the new way to operate. Maintain focus on this new way and do not allow a gradual decline back to the old ways. While thinking about the new way, also be thinking about yet better ways. When an issue arises such as a suggested improvement, a new way of working, a new tool or a newoutput requirement, review the first 4 S's and make changes as appropriate.
A sixth phase, "Safety", is sometimes added. While it is reasonable to assume that a properly planned and executed 5S program will improve workplace safety, some argue that explicitly including this sixth "S" ensures that workplace safety is given at least a secondary consideration
2.3. TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE
TPM is a maintenance process developed for improving productivity by...
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