What Is Human Services

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What Is Human Services?
Christa Gambrell

What Is Human Services?
The National Organization for Human Services (NOHS) defines the human service profession this way, “The Human Service Profession is one which promotes improved service delivery systems by addressing not only the quality of direct services, but also seeking to improve accessibility, accountability, and coordination among professionals and agencies in service delivery.” Human Service is a very broad term covering a number of agencies and institutions; while creating many different careers for individuals. But all have one thing in common; that is helping people to meet their basic physical and emotional needs. These are generally people who need outside assistance in meeting those needs. The human service professional works within a field of human or social services; each having a broad range of skills and a broad range of responsibility in helping people overcome a variety of social problems. These social problems happen when basic human needs are not being met. Why some people are unable to meet their basic human needs and they need human services? There are various reasons, some being: an unsupportive family, no family, no friends, unsupportive friends, no social network, and possibly no supportive neighbors. They may need an education or job skills. Human Services comes into the picture when people find themselves confronting barriers while trying to get their basic human needs met. Usually they do not have anyone or anything in their life that can assist that person. Although people who are fortunate do not need assistance in getting their needs met, human service professionals work within a field of human and or social services; each having a broad range of skills and responsibilities in helping people overcome a variety of social problems. There are two main reasons people need assistance from human services or social services. The first reason is people find themselves confronting barriers to getting their needs met and the second reason is they do not have a support system to assist in getting those needs met. Human Services can have many different goals.The chief goal of the human service professional is to support individuals as well as communities function at their maximum potential, overcoming personal and social barriers as effectively as possible the major domains of living. That goes along with teaching a person to fish. That would mean that as a human service professional one of my goals would be to help people develop necessary skills to become self-sufficient and function at their best in society. The history of human services in America dated back to the late 1800s to early 1900s. Our welfare system was strongly influenced by England’s welfare system. At one point the less fortunate were put into two different categories: the deserving poor and the undeserving poor. America began to change and more fully develop their welfare system. Starting in the early 1900s people working in the social work field were called social workers and that title was reserved for people with an undergraduate or graduate degree in social work from an accredited program by the Counsel on Social Work Education. During the 1960s thru the 1980s most social workers had a BSW and was qualified to get a license; and at that time most states required a license. At this time most states require social to have at least a BSW, but the professional standard is a MSW. The Association of Social Work Boards identified standards for the practice of social work and defines by law the level of licensure of a social worker. A person is not required to have a license to work in Human Services. A human service professional uses skills that are shaped through scientific knowledge of the social service field and additional skills acquired from other sources; in order to plan and implement interventions. A term used to describe the appropriate use of knowledge and...
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