Water Scarcity

Topics: Water, Water resources, Freshwater Pages: 3 (621 words) Published: December 11, 2011
* Water is a natural resource of the utmost importance; nothing on earth can survive without it. Aside from drinking, water is used for agriculture, cooking, bathing, cleaning, industrial purposes and sanitation. When the demand for water exceeds its supply for an extended period of time, scientists refer to the situation as water stress. This serious issue leads to lower quantity and quality of freshwater resources. While most causes are human-related, others are uncontrollable. Population Growth

* An increase in people means more water usage for bathing, washing dishes, cooking and other activities. World population tripled in the 1900s, resulting in six times the usage of water resources, reports World Water Council. With the council estimating a population increase of another 40 to 50 percent through 2050, water stress may increase. Water can be conserved by measures such as taking shorter showers, turning faucets off while brushing teeth, and using timers for lawn watering. Industrialization

* The cutting away of trees and clearing of paths for new factories, manufacturing plants and other industrial facilities, as well as for purposes of urbanization, all affect water supply. Many industrial plants use water as a cooling agent or ingredient for various manufacturing processes and procedures, as well as for cleaning. Water stress can result if these uses occur in conjunction with other factors. Poverty

* Poor, developing nations lack the knowledge and finances to convert water from rivers, lakes and other sources into safe drinking water. Help is desperately needed to establish water plants, piping and sanitation systems. This would also greatly improve people's health. In 2004, the World Health Organization announced that world-wide each day, 3,900 youth die from contracting disease due to unsafe water conditions. It estimated in 2002 that an astounding 1.1 billion people around the world lack access to clean drinking water. Weather

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