Veterinary Technician

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Veterinary Technician
There are about 100 organizations of veterinary technicians that exist, state, local, and provincial across the United States (American Veterinary Medical Association). Out of those 100 organizations, there were 62,000 employed veterinary technicians in the year of 2004. The career of Veterinary technician will be investigated for the purpose of learning techniques to increase an animal’s health, providing information will result in determining if pursuing this career will be a positive choice for the future. This will be researched through job background, education and requirements, and the job outlook.

First, the job background of a veterinary technician will be researched to determine if pursuing this career would be a positive influence for the future. Some may ask, what a veterinary technician, otherwise known as Vet. Tech. is? “The veterinary technician is an integral member of the veterinary health care team who has been educated in the care and handling of animals, the basic principles of normal and abnormal life processes, and in routine laboratory and clinical procedures” (American Veterinary Medical Association). When a hurt or sick animal is brought to the hospital, a team of educated and trained animal doctors treat them. A veterinary technician is part of that team. On an ordinary day, Veterinary technicians usually work around eight to ten hours a week, sometimes including the weekend. Within that time their tasks may include: routine laboratory and clinical procedures, perform lab test such as urinalysis and blood counts, assist with dental care, prepare tissue samples, take blood samples, expose and develop x-rays, administer medications orally or topically, prepare samples for laboratory examinations and record info on an animals genealogy, diet, weight, medications, food intake, and clinical signs of pain and distress, as well as provide routine postoperative care (American Veterinary Medical Association).

To further investigate the job background of a veterinary technician, the history will be researched. “Veterinary medicine may have been established as a specialty as early as 2000 B.C. in Babylonia and Egypt” (Veterinary Medicine). One document they found in Egypt that had descriptions of treatments for cattle, dogs, birds, and fish, dated around 1800 B.C. Because the animals were very sacred in these ancient cultures, the documents were based on external observations only. It was not until a thousand years later that the Greeks practiced veterinary medicine as a science based on experimentation and observation. Veterinary medicine, was not always practiced professionally, “After the fall of the Roman Empire, veterinary science went into a sharp decline” (Veterinary Medicine). For 1,300 years, the care of animals was in the hands of ordinary farmers and horseshoers. It was not until the 18th century when rinderpest disease killed herds of European cattle that colleges of veterinary medicine began to arise around the country.

The basic description of a veterinary technician’s job will also be further research. The job of a veterinary technician is unpleasant, physically and emotionally demanding, and sometimes a dangerous career. Many people believe vet techs are like nurses, and are not that important, but, “Vet techs use skills to protect humans against diseases carried by animals and conduct clinical research on both animals and humans health problems” (Bureau of Labor Statistics). A team of vets without a technician is not a team, and they probably could not do their daily tasks without one.

The second topic that will be researched to determine if Veterinary Technician is a responsible choice for a career is the education and requirements to be a vet tech. To be a veterinary technician, it requires many years of college. “After high school, you must complete 2 to 4 years of pre-veterinary or science studies at college before applying to veterinary school” (career...
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