Towards Achieving A Universal Environment
RECOMMENDED APPROACH OF THE BEST PRACTICE AND SOLUTION IN PROVIDING FACILITIES FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES FOR THE MINISTRY OFFICE IN MALAYSIA
Studied Building: Office tower for Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development By: Kiasatina Marzuki November 23rd 2009
1) MS 1183 : 1990
Specification For Fire Precautions In The Design And Construction Of Buildings Part 8: Code Of Practice For Means Of Escape For Disabled People
MS 1331: 2003
Code Of Practice For Access Of Disabled Persons Outside Buildings (First Revision)
MS 1184: 2002
Code Of Practice On Access For Disabled Persons To Public Buildings (First Revision)
GUIDELINES ON BUILDING REQUIREMENTS FOR DISABLED PERSONS
Bahagian Kawalan Bangunan, Jabatan Kerajaan Tempatan (Kementerian Perumahan Dan Kerajaan Tempatan)
5) International Best Practices in Universal Design by Canadian Human Rights Commission
6) ADA Standards for Accessible Design, Department of Justice, USA
7) British Standards (Part M)
(including other reading materials related to accessibility in buildings for people with disabilities)
1.0 GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO UNIVERSAL BUILDING 2.0 INTRODUCTIONTO THE BUILDING 3.0 BUILDING ACCESSIBILITY ANALYSIS 3.1 EXTERNAL ACCESSIBILITY SURVEY 3.1.1 Public transport facilities 3.1.2 Pathways to access building 3.1.3 Curb cuts and pedestrian crossings 3.1.4 Ramps and handrails 3.1.5 Accessible Parking
3.2 INTERNAL ACCESSIBILITY SURVEY
3.2.1 Entrances and doors 3.2.2 Hallways and corridors 3.2.3 Lifts 3.2.4 Steps and staircases 3.2.5 Accessible toilets 3.2.6 Adaptable toilets Appendix
1.0 General introduction to universal building
The concept of universal design described by Covington and Hannah (1997) is best understood in the area of transitions. A product, service or place, when universally designed, is not an isolated island but transition which integrates individuals into all aspects of our culture. Its goal is to make the transitions of life and the transitions in design are elegant as possible. Universal design is also to creatively accommodate the needs of all people with physical differences including the disabled, children and the elderly.
There are 7 principles of universal design that had been used in determining any standards Equitable use • • • • • •
Flexibility in use Simple and intuitive Perceptible information Tolerance for error Low physical effort Size and space for approach and use
Basic physical aspects covered in general access audit:
• • • • • • • •
Physical access Decoration Fire escape and evacuation Sanitary facilities Way finding Communications equipment Recreational and retreat facilities Health and safety
2.0 Introduction to the building
Designed by Hijjas Kasturi Associates Sdn which is based in Kuala Lumpur in the early 2004, the planning and design of the building was prepared to meet the crucial requirements imposed by the local authority involved in the project. The approved design produced in the earlier stage was also prepared to provide all the necessary requirements of the Malaysian Standards of MS1184 and MS1331 on the issues of providing the facilities of accessibility for people with disabilities as per approved by the local authority. However, the measures proposed in this analysis report is to enhance the facilities to the optimum usage of universal community that will be visiting this building.
3.0 Building accessibility analysis
REQUEST BY AHLI MAJLIS ORANG KURANG UPAYA
1. 2. 3. 4.
3.1External accessibility survey
3.1.1. PUBLIC TRANSPORT FACILITIES
To provide public transport facilities To provide seating designated for people with disabilities / shaded areas for wheelchair users to occupy To provide bus route signage with embossed markings for people with visual impairments Bus should be able to stop at curb sides to ease the...