Design

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  • Topic: User interface, Design, Designer
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DSC 101 DESIGN AWARENESS

Prof. Jacques Giard, PhD

©Jacques Giard 2010

DSC 101 Design Awareness

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What are the goals for today?
•  Gaining a basic understanding of the designing process… •  The Velcro story •  Design-in-the-News… •  What we already know… ©Jacques Giard 2010 DSC 101 Design Awareness 2

Design in the News
McDonald's plans to spend more than 600 million euros (US$828 million) to remodel 1,280 of its European restaurants. NY Times Saturday August 25, 2007

"Re-imaging is essential in the competitive world of retail." Denis Hennequin
President of McDonald's Europe
©Jacques Giard 2010 DSC 101 Design Awareness 3

One conclusion is that we are given a natural world… But we design an artificial one!

©Jacques Giard 2010

DSC 101 Design Awareness

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For the purpose of DSC 101 and borrowing from Herbert Simon, designing will be defined as… “A universal activity that humans everywhere undertake to find the means to change an existing situation into a preferred one.”

©Jacques Giard 2010

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How can we begin to explain the designing process? The Designing Triad is one way.

©Jacques Giard 2010

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The Designing Triad… Designer/Maker/ User as participants.

DESIGNER

MAKER

USER

©Jacques Giard 2010

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The Designing Triad… Designer/Maker/ User as participants.

CONTEXT

DESIGNER MAKER A USER

The Age of Needs
(2.5 M BCE to 10,000 BCE)

©Jacques Giard 2010

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The Designing Triad… Designer/Maker/ User as participants.

The Age of Needs
(2.5 M BCE to 10,000 BCE)

©Jacques Giard 2010

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The Designing Triad… The User becomes independent.

CONTEXT USER A DESIGNER MAKER

The Age of Surplus
(10,000 BCE to 1700 CE)

©Jacques Giard 2009

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©Jacques Giard 2009

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©Jacques Giard 2010

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©Jacques Giard 2009

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The Designing Triad… The independence of all three participants.

CONTEXT USER A DESIGNER MAKER

The Age of Self
(1700 to the present)

©Jacques Giard 2009

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DESIGNER

USER

MAKER
©Jacques Giard 2009 DSC 101 Design Awareness 15

©Jacques Giard 2010 ©Jacques Giard 2009

DSC 101 101 Design Awareness DSC Design Awareness

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The Designing Triad…
U/D Interface

CONTEXT USER
U/M Interface

The Interfaces

A DESIGNER MAKER

D/M Interface

©Jacques Giard 2010

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The Designing Triad… The U/D Interface
An anonymous interface A statistical interface A sampling interface U/D Interface

CONTEXT USER

A DESIGNER

©Jacques Giard 2010

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The Designing Triad…
CONTEXT

The U/M Interface
An economic interface A distribution interface A marketing interface A marketplace interface

USER A

U/M Interface

MAKER

©Jacques Giard 2010

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The Designing Triad…
CONTEXT

The D/M Interface
A dependent interface An independent interface

A DESIGNER MAKER

D/M Interface

©Jacques Giard 2010

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The Designing Triad…
CONTEXT

The C/A Interface
Micro-context Macro-context

Macro: Culture Climate Geography!

A

Micro: Materials Form Color!

©Jacques Giard 2010

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The Designing Triad…
CONTEXT

The U/A Interface
An physical interface A psychological interface A personal interface A social interface ©Jacques Giard 2010

USER A

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The Designing Triad…
A resource interface A production interface A need interface An availability interface CONTEXT

A MAKER

The M/A Interface

©Jacques Giard 2010

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RESOURCE

PRODUCTION

NEED...
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