Unit Four

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Section one
E1
* RIDDOR 1995
* The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974
* COSHH 2002

D1
RIDDOR 1995 The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations concerns the reporting of accidents and incidents that occur on employers’ premises, including early years and other settings. The following must be reported to the relevant health and safety person: * Death or major injury to an employee or member of the public * An over 3 day injury, i.e. an injury which is not major but results in the injured person being away from work or unable to do their normal work for more than three days. * Certain work related diseases

* A dangerous occurrence – something which does not result in a reportable injury but which clearly could have. The responsible person in a setting has a duty to report accidents and incidents. The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974

All employers have legal responsibilities under the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974. This means that employers must meet certain rules to make sure people are safe in their place of work. It also means that employees must be careful that there is no risk of injury to anyone. This means that everyone in a children’s setting has responsibility for the health and safety of anyone who is there. Regarding places where children are educated and cared for, the Health and Safety at Work Act states: * Buildings should be in good condition and designed with the safety of users in mind * Buildings and surroundings should be clean and safe

* Equipment must be safely used and stored
* Working practices must promote the health and safety of children In nurseries and schools etc, everyone who works there including learners must know what the written statement about safety says and put it into practice. COSHH, the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health regulations 2002 state that substances that can make people ill or injure them must be stored safely and used properly. Some examples of hazardous substances are: * Cleaning liquids such as bleach

* Paints
* Chemicals
Any potentially dangerous materials must have a label on them which shows that they are dangerous. They must be kept in special containers and locked in cupboards. Some of the labels will show a toxic – do not inhale, swallow or allow to come into contact with skin or eyes. Harmful – do not inhale or swallow. Corrosive – if comes into contact with skin or eyes or inhaled will cause burns. Flammable – will ignite in the presence of naked flame.

Section two

E1
The correct procedures for the following accidents would be: A child receives a bump to the head
The first thing to do would be not panic, if you panic the child will panic. If the child sees you calm and relaxed the likely hood would be that the child will remain calm. If the child will let you, gently hold an ice pack to the bumped area, do this for 20 minutes, take a five minute break and repeat again for 20 minutes, this will bring any swelling down. If there is slight bleeding apply pressure to the bump with a cloth/towel until bleeding stops. Not all bumps, even big ones require a trip to the doctors or hospital however a hard hit can shake the brain especially if the child is under the age of one. If the child loses consciousness but is still breathing lay flat on a surface and call emergency services straight away. Keep an eye on the child, if they show signs of dizziness, vomiting, long blank stares, eye pain or crying excessively for a long time then get them checked by a professional. A child has an asthma attack

If the child is having an asthma attack you should make them comfy and situate the child away from the other children and seat them in a position most comfortable for them. If they have an inhaler give it to them to use, this will usually be a blue reliever. Asthma is a common illness and affects more that 1.1 million children in the UK. During an attack the child may...
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