E1/D1: The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974- This Act is set out to look after children and others at work. Their aims are: •Securing the health of all workers in the area.
•Protecting persons against risks to health and safety arising in connection to the person. •Controlling dangerous substances in a work area.
The act ensures that all workplaces have signs of risks and safety procedures for everyone in that workplace to know them and how they are all controlled. All settings must have warnings signs and safe locked cupboards so children are not at risk of any chemicals or medicines that maybe on show to them, there should be caution on materials that they use in classrooms and settings (e.g. experiments, metal) so there is no danger to the children. “The purpose of this act is to protect not only all people but also the health and safety of the general public who may be affected by work activities”. http://www.exeter.gov.uk/index.aspx?articleid=9047 Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995- This Act ensures that all incidents, accidents or deaths at a setting should be recorded and dealt with in the appropriate manner. If a child has an accident at school and injures themselves it should be recorded and the parents of the child should be told and brought to the school to discuss the matter. An accident book should always be kept in a safe place so that when it is needed it is in a well-known place to the first aider that needs it. The child should be treat in the best way and comfortable way so they know that they are in a safe place and it is being dealt with right away. If a child in the setting is hurt or injured a first aider should ensure the child that everything will be ok and that their parents are on the way. They should be made to feel comfortable and get the right care needed. “RIDDOR requires the reporting of work-related accidents, diseases and dangerous occurrences. The Act applies to all work related activities, but not to all work related incidents”. http://www.netlawman.co.uk/ia/reporting-injuries Food Safety Act 1990 and Food Safety (General food hygiene) Regulations 1995- “The Regulations apply to all types of food and drink and their ingredients”. http://adlib.everysite.co.uk/adlib/defra/content.aspx?id=000IL3890W.184SZ8ZDD965AA This Act ensures that employers don’t give any inappropriate food to any consumer in the setting. All food should be checked and regularly changed to ensure the safety of all consumers, food should come from a familiar and well-known company to know the food is safe for everyone to eat. When children are given food at lunch times it should be to a reasonably high standard and so they are given enough to get them through the day. Professionals should handle the food in the settings so they know how to cook the food and give the right amount of food out to the children. Fire Precautions Regulations at Work 1997- This Act gives children, parents and workers the right to know all the fire safety and precautions of being in the settings. It ensures that there is: •Emergency exits and doors in the buildings and settings.
•All exit doors must open outwards and must not be revolving doors or automatic. •Emergency lighting over the doors to show where they are. •Fire fighting equipment and fire alarms where necessary in the buildings and settings. Someone well-known in the fire regulations should show and know where all the exits and alarms are and where all the equipment is (fire extinguishers). Fire drills and regulations should be placed in every classroom and corridor so all children and staff know what to do in a fire emergency. “All workplaces should have an emergency plan”. http://adlib.everysite.co.uk/adlib/defra/content.aspx?doc=18488&id=18490 COSHH (Control of Substances Hazardous to Health) Regulations 2002- Hazardous substances can cause short or long term health problems, this Act ensures that; •Control exposure by measures...
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